Nocturnal enuresis as a risk factor for falls in older community dwelling women with urinary incontinence

Avita K. Pahwa, Uduak U. Andy, Diane K. Newman, Hanna Stambakio, Kathryn Schmitz, Lily A. Arya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose We determined the association of urinary symptoms with fall risk and physical limitations in older community dwelling women with urinary incontinence. Materials and Methods We performed an in-depth assessment of daytime and nighttime urinary symptoms, fall risk, physical function, physical performance tests and mental function in older community dwelling women with urinary incontinence who had not sought care for urinary symptoms. All assessments were performed in participant homes. We used univariable and multivariable linear regression to examine the relationship of urinary symptoms to fall risk, physical function and physical performance. Results Of 37 women with a mean ± SD age of 74 ± 8.4 years who had urinary incontinence 48% were at high risk for falls. Nocturnal enuresis was reported by 50% of the women. Increased fall risk was associated with increasing frequency of nocturnal enuresis (p = 0.04), worse lower limb function (p <0.001), worse upper limb function (p <0.0001) and worse performance on a composite physical performance test of strength, gait and balance (p = 0.02). Women with nocturnal enuresis had significantly lower physical performance test scores than women without nocturnal enuresis (median 7, range 0 to 11 vs 9, range 1 to 12, p = 0.04). In a multivariable regression model including age, nocturnal enuresis episodes and physical function only physical function was associated with an increased fall risk (p <0.0001). Conclusions Nocturnal enuresis is common in older community dwelling women with urinary incontinence. It may serve as a marker of fall risk even in women who do not seek care for urinary symptoms. Interventions targeting upper and lower body physical function could potentially decrease the risk of falls in older women with urinary incontinence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1512-1516
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume195
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2016

Fingerprint

Nocturnal Enuresis
Independent Living
Urinary Incontinence
Intelligence Tests
Gait
Upper Extremity
Lower Extremity
Linear Models

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Urology

Cite this

Pahwa, Avita K. ; Andy, Uduak U. ; Newman, Diane K. ; Stambakio, Hanna ; Schmitz, Kathryn ; Arya, Lily A. / Nocturnal enuresis as a risk factor for falls in older community dwelling women with urinary incontinence. In: Journal of Urology. 2016 ; Vol. 195, No. 5. pp. 1512-1516.
@article{a79aa92550314ad3a44bdbef56b2d56b,
title = "Nocturnal enuresis as a risk factor for falls in older community dwelling women with urinary incontinence",
abstract = "Purpose We determined the association of urinary symptoms with fall risk and physical limitations in older community dwelling women with urinary incontinence. Materials and Methods We performed an in-depth assessment of daytime and nighttime urinary symptoms, fall risk, physical function, physical performance tests and mental function in older community dwelling women with urinary incontinence who had not sought care for urinary symptoms. All assessments were performed in participant homes. We used univariable and multivariable linear regression to examine the relationship of urinary symptoms to fall risk, physical function and physical performance. Results Of 37 women with a mean ± SD age of 74 ± 8.4 years who had urinary incontinence 48{\%} were at high risk for falls. Nocturnal enuresis was reported by 50{\%} of the women. Increased fall risk was associated with increasing frequency of nocturnal enuresis (p = 0.04), worse lower limb function (p <0.001), worse upper limb function (p <0.0001) and worse performance on a composite physical performance test of strength, gait and balance (p = 0.02). Women with nocturnal enuresis had significantly lower physical performance test scores than women without nocturnal enuresis (median 7, range 0 to 11 vs 9, range 1 to 12, p = 0.04). In a multivariable regression model including age, nocturnal enuresis episodes and physical function only physical function was associated with an increased fall risk (p <0.0001). Conclusions Nocturnal enuresis is common in older community dwelling women with urinary incontinence. It may serve as a marker of fall risk even in women who do not seek care for urinary symptoms. Interventions targeting upper and lower body physical function could potentially decrease the risk of falls in older women with urinary incontinence.",
author = "Pahwa, {Avita K.} and Andy, {Uduak U.} and Newman, {Diane K.} and Hanna Stambakio and Kathryn Schmitz and Arya, {Lily A.}",
year = "2016",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.juro.2015.11.046",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "195",
pages = "1512--1516",
journal = "Journal of Urology",
issn = "0022-5347",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "5",

}

Nocturnal enuresis as a risk factor for falls in older community dwelling women with urinary incontinence. / Pahwa, Avita K.; Andy, Uduak U.; Newman, Diane K.; Stambakio, Hanna; Schmitz, Kathryn; Arya, Lily A.

In: Journal of Urology, Vol. 195, No. 5, 01.05.2016, p. 1512-1516.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nocturnal enuresis as a risk factor for falls in older community dwelling women with urinary incontinence

AU - Pahwa, Avita K.

AU - Andy, Uduak U.

AU - Newman, Diane K.

AU - Stambakio, Hanna

AU - Schmitz, Kathryn

AU - Arya, Lily A.

PY - 2016/5/1

Y1 - 2016/5/1

N2 - Purpose We determined the association of urinary symptoms with fall risk and physical limitations in older community dwelling women with urinary incontinence. Materials and Methods We performed an in-depth assessment of daytime and nighttime urinary symptoms, fall risk, physical function, physical performance tests and mental function in older community dwelling women with urinary incontinence who had not sought care for urinary symptoms. All assessments were performed in participant homes. We used univariable and multivariable linear regression to examine the relationship of urinary symptoms to fall risk, physical function and physical performance. Results Of 37 women with a mean ± SD age of 74 ± 8.4 years who had urinary incontinence 48% were at high risk for falls. Nocturnal enuresis was reported by 50% of the women. Increased fall risk was associated with increasing frequency of nocturnal enuresis (p = 0.04), worse lower limb function (p <0.001), worse upper limb function (p <0.0001) and worse performance on a composite physical performance test of strength, gait and balance (p = 0.02). Women with nocturnal enuresis had significantly lower physical performance test scores than women without nocturnal enuresis (median 7, range 0 to 11 vs 9, range 1 to 12, p = 0.04). In a multivariable regression model including age, nocturnal enuresis episodes and physical function only physical function was associated with an increased fall risk (p <0.0001). Conclusions Nocturnal enuresis is common in older community dwelling women with urinary incontinence. It may serve as a marker of fall risk even in women who do not seek care for urinary symptoms. Interventions targeting upper and lower body physical function could potentially decrease the risk of falls in older women with urinary incontinence.

AB - Purpose We determined the association of urinary symptoms with fall risk and physical limitations in older community dwelling women with urinary incontinence. Materials and Methods We performed an in-depth assessment of daytime and nighttime urinary symptoms, fall risk, physical function, physical performance tests and mental function in older community dwelling women with urinary incontinence who had not sought care for urinary symptoms. All assessments were performed in participant homes. We used univariable and multivariable linear regression to examine the relationship of urinary symptoms to fall risk, physical function and physical performance. Results Of 37 women with a mean ± SD age of 74 ± 8.4 years who had urinary incontinence 48% were at high risk for falls. Nocturnal enuresis was reported by 50% of the women. Increased fall risk was associated with increasing frequency of nocturnal enuresis (p = 0.04), worse lower limb function (p <0.001), worse upper limb function (p <0.0001) and worse performance on a composite physical performance test of strength, gait and balance (p = 0.02). Women with nocturnal enuresis had significantly lower physical performance test scores than women without nocturnal enuresis (median 7, range 0 to 11 vs 9, range 1 to 12, p = 0.04). In a multivariable regression model including age, nocturnal enuresis episodes and physical function only physical function was associated with an increased fall risk (p <0.0001). Conclusions Nocturnal enuresis is common in older community dwelling women with urinary incontinence. It may serve as a marker of fall risk even in women who do not seek care for urinary symptoms. Interventions targeting upper and lower body physical function could potentially decrease the risk of falls in older women with urinary incontinence.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84962238149&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84962238149&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.juro.2015.11.046

DO - 10.1016/j.juro.2015.11.046

M3 - Article

C2 - 26626218

AN - SCOPUS:84962238149

VL - 195

SP - 1512

EP - 1516

JO - Journal of Urology

JF - Journal of Urology

SN - 0022-5347

IS - 5

ER -