Non-linear modeling of extension-twist coupled energy absorbing composite tubes

Chandrashekhar Tiwari, Edward Smith, Charles E. Bakis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A novel non-linear analysis predicting behavior of extension-twist coupled flexible matrix composite tubes under multi-axial loadings is presented here. The composite device (called Sandwich Core Device) analyzed involves two concentric extension-twist coupled composite tubes with opposite angle of fibers. The annular space between the tubes is filled with an elastic-plastic foam core. Under tension, the tubes shear the foam material due to high intertube twist, resulting in energy absorption. The model combines large deformation theory of the laminated composite shells (using non-linear strain energy formulation) to the fracture mechanics and elastic-plastic deformation theory of the foam core. The model is capable of including material and geometric nonlinearities that arise from large deformation and fiber reorientation. It was found that for the cases considered, the model predictions exhibit close correlation with the experimental findings. Force versus strain response of the device is tailored with respect to variations in design parameters such as tube radius, resulting in wide ranges of loads and energy absorbing characteristics. The Sandwich Core Device exhibits specific energy absorption in excess of 3.5 J/g for the given core foam.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication53rd AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference 2012
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012
Event53rd AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference 2012 - Honolulu, HI, United States
Duration: Apr 23 2012Apr 26 2012

Publication series

Name53rd AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference 2012

Other

Other53rd AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference 2012
CountryUnited States
CityHonolulu, HI
Period4/23/124/26/12

Fingerprint

Foams
foams
Energy absorption
tubes
composite materials
Composite materials
Foamed plastics
energy absorption
Fibers
Laminated composites
Elastic deformation
Nonlinear analysis
Strain energy
Fracture mechanics
energy
Plastic deformation
fibers
fracture mechanics
elastic deformation
plastic deformation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

Cite this

Tiwari, C., Smith, E., & Bakis, C. E. (2012). Non-linear modeling of extension-twist coupled energy absorbing composite tubes. In 53rd AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference 2012 (53rd AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference 2012).
Tiwari, Chandrashekhar ; Smith, Edward ; Bakis, Charles E. / Non-linear modeling of extension-twist coupled energy absorbing composite tubes. 53rd AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference 2012. 2012. (53rd AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference 2012).
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Tiwari, C, Smith, E & Bakis, CE 2012, Non-linear modeling of extension-twist coupled energy absorbing composite tubes. in 53rd AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference 2012. 53rd AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference 2012, 53rd AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference 2012, Honolulu, HI, United States, 4/23/12.

Non-linear modeling of extension-twist coupled energy absorbing composite tubes. / Tiwari, Chandrashekhar; Smith, Edward; Bakis, Charles E.

53rd AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference 2012. 2012. (53rd AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference 2012).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - A novel non-linear analysis predicting behavior of extension-twist coupled flexible matrix composite tubes under multi-axial loadings is presented here. The composite device (called Sandwich Core Device) analyzed involves two concentric extension-twist coupled composite tubes with opposite angle of fibers. The annular space between the tubes is filled with an elastic-plastic foam core. Under tension, the tubes shear the foam material due to high intertube twist, resulting in energy absorption. The model combines large deformation theory of the laminated composite shells (using non-linear strain energy formulation) to the fracture mechanics and elastic-plastic deformation theory of the foam core. The model is capable of including material and geometric nonlinearities that arise from large deformation and fiber reorientation. It was found that for the cases considered, the model predictions exhibit close correlation with the experimental findings. Force versus strain response of the device is tailored with respect to variations in design parameters such as tube radius, resulting in wide ranges of loads and energy absorbing characteristics. The Sandwich Core Device exhibits specific energy absorption in excess of 3.5 J/g for the given core foam.

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Tiwari C, Smith E, Bakis CE. Non-linear modeling of extension-twist coupled energy absorbing composite tubes. In 53rd AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference 2012. 2012. (53rd AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference 2012).