We consider dislocations in a vortex lattice that is driven in a two-dimensional superconductor with random impurities. The structure and dynamics of dislocations are studied in this genuine nonequilibrium situation on the basis of a coarse-grained equation of motion for the displacement field. The presence of dislocations leads to a characteristic anisotropic distortion of the vortex density that is controlled by a Kardar-Parisi-Zhang nonlinearity in the coarse-grained equation of motion. This nonlinearity also implies a screening of the interaction between dislocations and thereby an instability of the vortex lattice to the proliferation of free dislocations.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - 1998|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics