Nonisothermal crystallization kinetics of miscible blends of polycaprolactone and crosslinked carboxylated polyester resin

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Abstract

The nonisothermal crystallization process of polycaprolactone (PCL)/crosslinked carboxylated polyester resin (CPER) blends has been investigated for different blend concentrations by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The DSC measurements were carried out under different cooling rates namely: 1, 3, 5, 10, and 20C/min. Thermally induced crosslinking of CPER in the blends was accomplished using triglycidyl isocyanurate as a crosslinking agent at 200C for 10 min. The cured PCL/CPER blends were transparent above the melting temperature of PCL and only one glass transition temperature, Tg, located in the temperature range between the two Tgs of the pure polymer components, was observed, indicating that PCL and crosslinked CPER are miscible over the entire range of concentration. The nonisothermal crystallization kinetics was analyzed based on different theoretical approaches, including modified Avrami, Ozawa, and combined Avrami-Ozawa methods. All of the different theoretical approaches successfully described the kinetic behavior of the nonisothermal crystallization process of PCL in the blends. In addition, the spherulitic growth rate was evaluated nonisothermally from the spherulitic morphologies at different temperatures using polarized optical microscope during cooling the molten sample. Only one master curve of temperature dependence of crystal growth rate could be constructed for PCL/CPER blends, regardless of different blend concentrations. Furthermore, the activation energy of nonisothermal crystallization process (ΔEa) was calculated as a function of blend concentration based on the Kissinger equation. The value of ΔEa was found to be concentration dependent, i.e., increasing from 83 kJ/mol for pure PCL to 115 and 119 kJ/mol for 75 and 50 wt% PCL, respectively. This finding suggested that CPER could significantly restrict the dynamics of the PCL chain segments, thereby inhibit the crystallization process and consequently elevate the ΔEa.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)427-443
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Macromolecular Science, Part B: Physics
Volume50
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2011

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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