Nonlinear analysis and optimization of diamond cell morphing wings

Terrence Johnson, Mary I. Frecker, James Joo, Mostafa Abdalla, Brian Sanders, Zafer Gurdal, Doug Lindner

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this work, a design optimization procedure is developed to maximize the energy efficiency of a scissor mechanism for the NextGen's Batwing application. The unit cells are modeled using a finite element approach. The model considers elastic skin, modeled as linear springs, as well as actuator and aerodynamic loads. A nonlinear large displacement analysis is conducted, and the position of the actuator is optimized using Matlab's gradient based optimization algorithm FMINCON. This optimization procedure is used to investigate the effect of different constraints and load cases. The model is expanded to include multiple unit cells and actuators. A two stage optimization process using a Genetic Algorithm and traditional gradient based optimization (FMINCON) is also developed. The two stage optimization is used to optimize actuator position and placement for different constraints and load cases. Results show that placement and position optimization produce small gains in maximizing energy efficiency; morphing using a soft isotropic skin is more efficient than stiff isotropic and anisotropic skin. In addition, the GA did not use the all of the available actuators to maximize energy efficiency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of 2006 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE2006 - Aerospace Division
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Print)0791837904, 9780791837900
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006
Event2006 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE2006 - Chicago, IL, United States
Duration: Nov 5 2006Nov 10 2006

Other

Other2006 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE2006
CountryUnited States
CityChicago, IL
Period11/5/0611/10/06

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Space and Planetary Science

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