Nonlinear behavior in the thermopower of doped carbon nanotubes due to strong, localized states

Y. M. Choi, D. S. Lee, R. Czerw, P. W. Chiu, N. Grobert, M. Terrones, M. Reyes-Reyes, H. Terrones, J. C. Charlier, P. M. Ajayan, S. Roth, D. L. Carroll, Y. W. Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations

Abstract

The temperature dependent thermoelectric power (TEP) of boron- and nitrogen-doped multiwalled carbon nanotube mats has been measured showing that such dopants can be used to modify the majority conduction from p-type to n-type. The TEP of boron-doped nanotubes is positive, indicating hole-like carriers. In contrast, the nitrogen doped material exhibits negative TEP over the same temperature range, suggesting electron-like conduction. Therefore, the TEP distinct nonlinearities are primarily due to the formation of donor and acceptor states in the B-and N-doped materials. The sharply varying density of states used in our model can be directly correlated to the scanning tunneling spectroscopy studies of these materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)839-842
Number of pages4
JournalNano letters
Volume3
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering

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