An autonomous oscillator synchronizes to an external harmonic force only when the forcing frequency lies within a certain interval - known as the synchronization range - around the oscillator's natural frequency. Under ordinary conditions, the width of the synchronization range decreases when the oscillation amplitude grows, which constrains synchronized motion of micro- and nanomechanical resonators to narrow frequency and amplitude bounds. Here, we show that nonlinearity in the oscillator can be exploited to manifest a regime where the synchronization range increases with increasing oscillation amplitude. Experimental data are provided for self-sustained micromechanical oscillators operating in this regime, and analytical results show that nonlinearities are the key determinants of this effect. Our results provide a new strategy to enhance the synchronization of micromechanical oscillators by capitalizing on their intrinsic nonlinear dynamics.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)