Factorial designs are studied with independent observations, fixed number of levels, and possibly unequal number of observations per factor level combination. In this context, the nonparametric null hypotheses introduced by Akritas and Arnold are considered. New rank statistics are derived for testing the nonparametric hypotheses of no main effects, no interaction, and no factor effects in unbalanced crossed classifications. The formulation of all results includes tied observations. Extensions of these procedures to higher-way layouts are given, and the efficacies of the test statistics against nonparametric alternatives are derived. A modification of the test statistics and approximations to their finite-sample distributions are also given. The small-sample performance of the procedures for two factors is examined in a simulation study. As an illustration, a real dataset with ordinal data is analyzed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistics and Probability
- Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty