Intuitively, a manometrically normal lower esophageal sphincter (LES) will promote dysphagia after laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. This study was undertaken to compare outcomes after laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication for patients who had normal and manometrically inadequate LES preoperatively. Before fundoplication, the length and resting pressures of LES were determined manometrically in 59 patients with documented gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Twenty-nine patients had a manometrically normal LES, with resting pressures >10 mm Hg and length >2 cm. Thirty patients had resting pressures of 10 mm Hg and length of 2 cm. Before and after fundoplication, patients graded the frequency and severity of symptoms of GERD utilizing a Likert scale (0 = never/not bothersome to 10 = always/very bothersome). DeMeester scores and symptom scores before and after fundoplication were compared. Before fundoplication, the manometric character of the LES did not impact the elevation of DeMeester scores or the frequency/severity of reflux symptoms. All symptoms improved significantly with fundoplication independent of LES pressure/length. Prefundoplication, manometric character of the LES did not impact the frequency or severity of reflux symptoms after fundoplication. Preoperative manometric character of the LES does not impact the presentation of GERD or the outcome after fundoplication. Symptoms globally and significantly improve after fundoplication, independent of manometric LES character. Normal LES manometry does not impact outcome and, specifically, does not promote dysphagia, after laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication.
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