Compared to other analytical platforms, comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC×GC–MS) has much increased separation power for analysis of complex samples and thus is increasingly used in metabolomics for biomarker discovery. However, accurate peak detection remains a bottleneck for wide applications of GC×GC–MS. Therefore, the normal–exponential–Bernoulli (NEB) model is generalized by gamma distribution and a new peak detection algorithm using the Normal–Gamma–Bernoulli (NGB) model is developed. Unlike the NEB model, the NGB model has no closed-form analytical solution, hampering its practical use in peak detection. To circumvent this difficulty, three numerical approaches, which are fast Fourier transform (FFT), the first-order and the second-order delta methods (D1 and D2), are introduced. The applications to simulated data and two real GC×GC–MS data sets show that the NGB-D1 method performs the best in terms of both computational expense and peak detection performance.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistics and Probability
- Computational Mathematics
- Computational Theory and Mathematics
- Applied Mathematics