Nosocomial transmission of group B streptococci

Robert Aber, N. Allen, J. T. Howell, H. W. Wilkenson, R. R. Facklam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations

Abstract

Group B streptococci are an important cause of infant septicemia and meningitis. A prospective study of group B streptococcal colonization in a 300 bed community hospital disclosed rates of 29% of 297 third trimester women, 37% of 242 newborn infants, and 45% of 22 hospital personnel. Colonized parturients were more frequently black and anemic on admission for delivery. Infant colonization was statistically associated with a positive maternal genital culture, low birthweight, and prematurity. Nosocomial transmission of group B streptococci was strongly suggested by observations that 41% of colonized infants were born to culture negative women and such infants became colonized later in their hospital stay than did colonized infants born to colonized women. Furthermore, hospital personnel working in the labor delivery and nursery areas had a significantly higher prevalence of the organism than did personnel from other areas. Clearly, more information is needed about the epidemiology of group B streptococcal disease before appropriate and rational control measures can be recommended.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)346-353
Number of pages8
JournalPediatrics
Volume58
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 1 1976

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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