Nosocomial transmission of group B streptococci

Robert Aber, N. Allen, J. T. Howell, H. W. Wilkenson, R. R. Facklam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Group B streptococci are an important cause of infant septicemia and meningitis. A prospective study of group B streptococcal colonization in a 300 bed community hospital disclosed rates of 29% of 297 third trimester women, 37% of 242 newborn infants, and 45% of 22 hospital personnel. Colonized parturients were more frequently black and anemic on admission for delivery. Infant colonization was statistically associated with a positive maternal genital culture, low birthweight, and prematurity. Nosocomial transmission of group B streptococci was strongly suggested by observations that 41% of colonized infants were born to culture negative women and such infants became colonized later in their hospital stay than did colonized infants born to colonized women. Furthermore, hospital personnel working in the labor delivery and nursery areas had a significantly higher prevalence of the organism than did personnel from other areas. Clearly, more information is needed about the epidemiology of group B streptococcal disease before appropriate and rational control measures can be recommended.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)346-353
Number of pages8
JournalPediatrics
Volume58
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 1 1976

Fingerprint

Streptococcus agalactiae
Hospital Personnel
Community Hospital
Third Pregnancy Trimester
Meningitis
Length of Stay
Sepsis
Epidemiology
Mothers
Parturition
Newborn Infant
Prospective Studies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Aber, R., Allen, N., Howell, J. T., Wilkenson, H. W., & Facklam, R. R. (1976). Nosocomial transmission of group B streptococci. Pediatrics, 58(3), 346-353.
Aber, Robert ; Allen, N. ; Howell, J. T. ; Wilkenson, H. W. ; Facklam, R. R. / Nosocomial transmission of group B streptococci. In: Pediatrics. 1976 ; Vol. 58, No. 3. pp. 346-353.
@article{27355f090f1440ac91fd6ae5ce945505,
title = "Nosocomial transmission of group B streptococci",
abstract = "Group B streptococci are an important cause of infant septicemia and meningitis. A prospective study of group B streptococcal colonization in a 300 bed community hospital disclosed rates of 29{\%} of 297 third trimester women, 37{\%} of 242 newborn infants, and 45{\%} of 22 hospital personnel. Colonized parturients were more frequently black and anemic on admission for delivery. Infant colonization was statistically associated with a positive maternal genital culture, low birthweight, and prematurity. Nosocomial transmission of group B streptococci was strongly suggested by observations that 41{\%} of colonized infants were born to culture negative women and such infants became colonized later in their hospital stay than did colonized infants born to colonized women. Furthermore, hospital personnel working in the labor delivery and nursery areas had a significantly higher prevalence of the organism than did personnel from other areas. Clearly, more information is needed about the epidemiology of group B streptococcal disease before appropriate and rational control measures can be recommended.",
author = "Robert Aber and N. Allen and Howell, {J. T.} and Wilkenson, {H. W.} and Facklam, {R. R.}",
year = "1976",
month = "12",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "58",
pages = "346--353",
journal = "Pediatrics",
issn = "0031-4005",
publisher = "American Academy of Pediatrics",
number = "3",

}

Aber, R, Allen, N, Howell, JT, Wilkenson, HW & Facklam, RR 1976, 'Nosocomial transmission of group B streptococci', Pediatrics, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 346-353.

Nosocomial transmission of group B streptococci. / Aber, Robert; Allen, N.; Howell, J. T.; Wilkenson, H. W.; Facklam, R. R.

In: Pediatrics, Vol. 58, No. 3, 01.12.1976, p. 346-353.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nosocomial transmission of group B streptococci

AU - Aber, Robert

AU - Allen, N.

AU - Howell, J. T.

AU - Wilkenson, H. W.

AU - Facklam, R. R.

PY - 1976/12/1

Y1 - 1976/12/1

N2 - Group B streptococci are an important cause of infant septicemia and meningitis. A prospective study of group B streptococcal colonization in a 300 bed community hospital disclosed rates of 29% of 297 third trimester women, 37% of 242 newborn infants, and 45% of 22 hospital personnel. Colonized parturients were more frequently black and anemic on admission for delivery. Infant colonization was statistically associated with a positive maternal genital culture, low birthweight, and prematurity. Nosocomial transmission of group B streptococci was strongly suggested by observations that 41% of colonized infants were born to culture negative women and such infants became colonized later in their hospital stay than did colonized infants born to colonized women. Furthermore, hospital personnel working in the labor delivery and nursery areas had a significantly higher prevalence of the organism than did personnel from other areas. Clearly, more information is needed about the epidemiology of group B streptococcal disease before appropriate and rational control measures can be recommended.

AB - Group B streptococci are an important cause of infant septicemia and meningitis. A prospective study of group B streptococcal colonization in a 300 bed community hospital disclosed rates of 29% of 297 third trimester women, 37% of 242 newborn infants, and 45% of 22 hospital personnel. Colonized parturients were more frequently black and anemic on admission for delivery. Infant colonization was statistically associated with a positive maternal genital culture, low birthweight, and prematurity. Nosocomial transmission of group B streptococci was strongly suggested by observations that 41% of colonized infants were born to culture negative women and such infants became colonized later in their hospital stay than did colonized infants born to colonized women. Furthermore, hospital personnel working in the labor delivery and nursery areas had a significantly higher prevalence of the organism than did personnel from other areas. Clearly, more information is needed about the epidemiology of group B streptococcal disease before appropriate and rational control measures can be recommended.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0017166308&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0017166308&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 785356

AN - SCOPUS:0017166308

VL - 58

SP - 346

EP - 353

JO - Pediatrics

JF - Pediatrics

SN - 0031-4005

IS - 3

ER -

Aber R, Allen N, Howell JT, Wilkenson HW, Facklam RR. Nosocomial transmission of group B streptococci. Pediatrics. 1976 Dec 1;58(3):346-353.