Novel algorithm for compression of magnetic flux leakage signal data obtained from wire ropes

Wang Hong-yao, Tian Jie, Lv Xin, Li Xiao-wei, Meng Guo-ying, Sven G. Bilen, Xinli Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The safety inspection of wire ropes is vital to ensure the safety of personnel and equipment. The detection of magnetic flux leakage is one of the most practical methods for evaluating the safety of wire ropes. However, compressing the data for this method has to date proven to be difficult. In this study, the lossless compression approach is adopted for data from defective sections of wire rope and the lossy compression approach is used for data from undamaged sections of wire rope. A lossless compression algorithm is then developed based on analysis of the structure and characteristics of the magnetic flux leakage signal. Here, a predictor, which was designed based on the correlation coefficient characteristics of the magnetic flux leakage signal, facilitates the removal of correlations between data from various sampling points. This reduces the information entropy, thereby enhancing the entropy coding efficiency and, in turn, helping to code the predictive error correctly. The experimental results show that for an information entropy of 4.0343 bits for the original signal, the lossless compression algorithm produces an average code length of 3.3 bits. This constitutes an average bit rate reduction of 0.7343 bits and a large reduction in the average number of bits for each data sample. It was found that the proposed algorithm ensures a high compression ratio. Furthermore, the signal-to-noise ratio of the recovery signal based on the proposed compression algorithm increased by 86%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)76-82
Number of pages7
JournalInsight: Non-Destructive Testing and Condition Monitoring
Volume61
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

Fingerprint

Wire rope
Magnetic flux
Entropy
Compaction
Signal to noise ratio
Inspection
Personnel
Sampling
Recovery

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "The safety inspection of wire ropes is vital to ensure the safety of personnel and equipment. The detection of magnetic flux leakage is one of the most practical methods for evaluating the safety of wire ropes. However, compressing the data for this method has to date proven to be difficult. In this study, the lossless compression approach is adopted for data from defective sections of wire rope and the lossy compression approach is used for data from undamaged sections of wire rope. A lossless compression algorithm is then developed based on analysis of the structure and characteristics of the magnetic flux leakage signal. Here, a predictor, which was designed based on the correlation coefficient characteristics of the magnetic flux leakage signal, facilitates the removal of correlations between data from various sampling points. This reduces the information entropy, thereby enhancing the entropy coding efficiency and, in turn, helping to code the predictive error correctly. The experimental results show that for an information entropy of 4.0343 bits for the original signal, the lossless compression algorithm produces an average code length of 3.3 bits. This constitutes an average bit rate reduction of 0.7343 bits and a large reduction in the average number of bits for each data sample. It was found that the proposed algorithm ensures a high compression ratio. Furthermore, the signal-to-noise ratio of the recovery signal based on the proposed compression algorithm increased by 86{\%}.",
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Novel algorithm for compression of magnetic flux leakage signal data obtained from wire ropes. / Hong-yao, Wang; Jie, Tian; Xin, Lv; Xiao-wei, Li; Guo-ying, Meng; Bilen, Sven G.; Wu, Xinli.

In: Insight: Non-Destructive Testing and Condition Monitoring, Vol. 61, No. 2, 01.02.2019, p. 76-82.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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