Novel function for anionic clays: Selective transition metal cation uptake by diadochy

Sridhar Komarneni, Naofumi Kozai, Rustum Roy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

91 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Here we report for the first time, the extremely high and selective uptake of transition metal cations such as Cu2+, Ni2+, Co2+ and Zn2+ by two anionic clays of nominal composition, [Mg6Al2(OH)16]2+[CO 3·4H2O]2- and [Mg2Al(OH)6]+[NO3·2H 2O]-. We postulate that the principal mechanism of this selective cation uptake is by substitution in the anionic clay structure for mainly Mg through a process known as diadochy. This newly discovered function for anionic clays is useful for the decontamination and immobilization of the above transition metals at room temperature and may find applications in the remediation of metal contaminated soils, filtration of drinking water as well as decontamination of waste waters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1329-1331
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

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Transition metals
Cations
Clay
Decontamination
Positive ions
Carbon Monoxide
Remediation
Potable water
Drinking Water
Wastewater
Substitution reactions
Metals
Soils
Chemical analysis
clay
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "Here we report for the first time, the extremely high and selective uptake of transition metal cations such as Cu2+, Ni2+, Co2+ and Zn2+ by two anionic clays of nominal composition, [Mg6Al2(OH)16]2+[CO 3·4H2O]2- and [Mg2Al(OH)6]+[NO3·2H 2O]-. We postulate that the principal mechanism of this selective cation uptake is by substitution in the anionic clay structure for mainly Mg through a process known as diadochy. This newly discovered function for anionic clays is useful for the decontamination and immobilization of the above transition metals at room temperature and may find applications in the remediation of metal contaminated soils, filtration of drinking water as well as decontamination of waste waters.",
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Novel function for anionic clays : Selective transition metal cation uptake by diadochy. / Komarneni, Sridhar; Kozai, Naofumi; Roy, Rustum.

In: Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 8, No. 6, 01.01.1998, p. 1329-1331.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Komarneni, Sridhar

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AU - Roy, Rustum

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