Nuclear magnetic resonance of ortho-H2 impurities in solid para-H2 at high pressures

Paul Pedroni, Moses Chan, Rudolph Schweizer, Horst Meyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We have observed an anomalous broadening of the NMR absorption line of diluted ortho-H2 (with rotational angular momentum J = 1) in solid para-H2 (J = 0) as pressure is applied. Samples with 0.015 < × < 0.06, where x is the ortho mole fraction, were studied over the temperature range 1.2 < T < 4.2 K. The density range covered was ρ{variant}0 < ρ{variant} < 1.7 ρ{variant}0, ρ{variant}0 being the density at zero pressure. The observed broadening was much larger than that estimated from intermolecular and intramolecular nuclear dipolar interaction, the latter resulting from short-range orientational molecular ordering caused by electric quadrupole-quadrupole (EQQ) interactions. Furthermore, the "average" longitudinal relaxation time T1 measured from the initial nuclear magnetization recovery after saturation is found to decrease with increasing density, contrary to what is predicted from the relaxation mechanism based on EQQ interaction. Arguments based on NMR measurements taken in solid D2 show that any orientational ordering of the J = 0 molecules caused by an admixture of J = 2 states is too small to lead to polarization of the J = 1 molecules large enough to account for the anomalous line shape. Another possible explanation of the anomaly-rapid clustering of the J = 1 impurities-is also found to be unlikely. The anomalously broadened line, with a width proportional to T-1 at a given density, is discussed in terms of local molecular alignment of the J = 1 impurities as produced by a crystalline field Vc and that causes an increase in the intramolecular dipolar field. From the NMR line shape, we can get information on the distribution of such fields throughout the lattice. A crude analysis indicates that the distribution is approximately Gaussian around a characteristic value {Mathematical expression} where the width of this distribution is of the order of {Mathematical expression}. At {Mathematical expression} is found to have a value of ~0.6 K, which is about 30 times larger than previous determinations at ρ{variant} = ρ{variant}0. The origins of the anomalously large crystalline field are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)537-556
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Low Temperature Physics
Volume19
Issue number5-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 1975

Fingerprint

quadrupoles
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Impurities
impurities
nuclear magnetic resonance
Crystalline materials
line shape
Molecules
Molecular orientation
Angular momentum
Relaxation time
Magnetization
interactions
admixtures
Polarization
molecules
Recovery
angular momentum
relaxation time
recovery

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Pedroni, Paul ; Chan, Moses ; Schweizer, Rudolph ; Meyer, Horst. / Nuclear magnetic resonance of ortho-H2 impurities in solid para-H2 at high pressures. In: Journal of Low Temperature Physics. 1975 ; Vol. 19, No. 5-6. pp. 537-556.
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title = "Nuclear magnetic resonance of ortho-H2 impurities in solid para-H2 at high pressures",
abstract = "We have observed an anomalous broadening of the NMR absorption line of diluted ortho-H2 (with rotational angular momentum J = 1) in solid para-H2 (J = 0) as pressure is applied. Samples with 0.015 < × < 0.06, where x is the ortho mole fraction, were studied over the temperature range 1.2 < T < 4.2 K. The density range covered was ρ{variant}0 < ρ{variant} < 1.7 ρ{variant}0, ρ{variant}0 being the density at zero pressure. The observed broadening was much larger than that estimated from intermolecular and intramolecular nuclear dipolar interaction, the latter resulting from short-range orientational molecular ordering caused by electric quadrupole-quadrupole (EQQ) interactions. Furthermore, the {"}average{"} longitudinal relaxation time T1 measured from the initial nuclear magnetization recovery after saturation is found to decrease with increasing density, contrary to what is predicted from the relaxation mechanism based on EQQ interaction. Arguments based on NMR measurements taken in solid D2 show that any orientational ordering of the J = 0 molecules caused by an admixture of J = 2 states is too small to lead to polarization of the J = 1 molecules large enough to account for the anomalous line shape. Another possible explanation of the anomaly-rapid clustering of the J = 1 impurities-is also found to be unlikely. The anomalously broadened line, with a width proportional to T-1 at a given density, is discussed in terms of local molecular alignment of the J = 1 impurities as produced by a crystalline field Vc and that causes an increase in the intramolecular dipolar field. From the NMR line shape, we can get information on the distribution of such fields throughout the lattice. A crude analysis indicates that the distribution is approximately Gaussian around a characteristic value {Mathematical expression} where the width of this distribution is of the order of {Mathematical expression}. At {Mathematical expression} is found to have a value of ~0.6 K, which is about 30 times larger than previous determinations at ρ{variant} = ρ{variant}0. The origins of the anomalously large crystalline field are discussed.",
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Nuclear magnetic resonance of ortho-H2 impurities in solid para-H2 at high pressures. / Pedroni, Paul; Chan, Moses; Schweizer, Rudolph; Meyer, Horst.

In: Journal of Low Temperature Physics, Vol. 19, No. 5-6, 01.06.1975, p. 537-556.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nuclear magnetic resonance of ortho-H2 impurities in solid para-H2 at high pressures

AU - Pedroni, Paul

AU - Chan, Moses

AU - Schweizer, Rudolph

AU - Meyer, Horst

PY - 1975/6/1

Y1 - 1975/6/1

N2 - We have observed an anomalous broadening of the NMR absorption line of diluted ortho-H2 (with rotational angular momentum J = 1) in solid para-H2 (J = 0) as pressure is applied. Samples with 0.015 < × < 0.06, where x is the ortho mole fraction, were studied over the temperature range 1.2 < T < 4.2 K. The density range covered was ρ{variant}0 < ρ{variant} < 1.7 ρ{variant}0, ρ{variant}0 being the density at zero pressure. The observed broadening was much larger than that estimated from intermolecular and intramolecular nuclear dipolar interaction, the latter resulting from short-range orientational molecular ordering caused by electric quadrupole-quadrupole (EQQ) interactions. Furthermore, the "average" longitudinal relaxation time T1 measured from the initial nuclear magnetization recovery after saturation is found to decrease with increasing density, contrary to what is predicted from the relaxation mechanism based on EQQ interaction. Arguments based on NMR measurements taken in solid D2 show that any orientational ordering of the J = 0 molecules caused by an admixture of J = 2 states is too small to lead to polarization of the J = 1 molecules large enough to account for the anomalous line shape. Another possible explanation of the anomaly-rapid clustering of the J = 1 impurities-is also found to be unlikely. The anomalously broadened line, with a width proportional to T-1 at a given density, is discussed in terms of local molecular alignment of the J = 1 impurities as produced by a crystalline field Vc and that causes an increase in the intramolecular dipolar field. From the NMR line shape, we can get information on the distribution of such fields throughout the lattice. A crude analysis indicates that the distribution is approximately Gaussian around a characteristic value {Mathematical expression} where the width of this distribution is of the order of {Mathematical expression}. At {Mathematical expression} is found to have a value of ~0.6 K, which is about 30 times larger than previous determinations at ρ{variant} = ρ{variant}0. The origins of the anomalously large crystalline field are discussed.

AB - We have observed an anomalous broadening of the NMR absorption line of diluted ortho-H2 (with rotational angular momentum J = 1) in solid para-H2 (J = 0) as pressure is applied. Samples with 0.015 < × < 0.06, where x is the ortho mole fraction, were studied over the temperature range 1.2 < T < 4.2 K. The density range covered was ρ{variant}0 < ρ{variant} < 1.7 ρ{variant}0, ρ{variant}0 being the density at zero pressure. The observed broadening was much larger than that estimated from intermolecular and intramolecular nuclear dipolar interaction, the latter resulting from short-range orientational molecular ordering caused by electric quadrupole-quadrupole (EQQ) interactions. Furthermore, the "average" longitudinal relaxation time T1 measured from the initial nuclear magnetization recovery after saturation is found to decrease with increasing density, contrary to what is predicted from the relaxation mechanism based on EQQ interaction. Arguments based on NMR measurements taken in solid D2 show that any orientational ordering of the J = 0 molecules caused by an admixture of J = 2 states is too small to lead to polarization of the J = 1 molecules large enough to account for the anomalous line shape. Another possible explanation of the anomaly-rapid clustering of the J = 1 impurities-is also found to be unlikely. The anomalously broadened line, with a width proportional to T-1 at a given density, is discussed in terms of local molecular alignment of the J = 1 impurities as produced by a crystalline field Vc and that causes an increase in the intramolecular dipolar field. From the NMR line shape, we can get information on the distribution of such fields throughout the lattice. A crude analysis indicates that the distribution is approximately Gaussian around a characteristic value {Mathematical expression} where the width of this distribution is of the order of {Mathematical expression}. At {Mathematical expression} is found to have a value of ~0.6 K, which is about 30 times larger than previous determinations at ρ{variant} = ρ{variant}0. The origins of the anomalously large crystalline field are discussed.

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