The N-terminal fragment of adenosine diphosphate (ADP) ribosylation factor 1 (ARF1) is proposed to be involved in the guanosine triphosphate- (GTP-) dependent, reversible association of the protein with membranes through the interaction of not only the N-linked myristoyl chain but also its highly conserved N-terminal hydrophobic residues. Based on the N-terminal sequence of this protein, specifically 13C- and 15N-labeled peptides were synthesized with and without an N-myristoyl anchor. The behavior, including structure, dynamics, and orientation, of these peptides in a lipid environment was then studied through a combination of solution 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques in micelles and heteronuclear solid-state NMR experiments in magnetically aligned bicelles. The work presented is an extension of the previously reported characterization of the myristoylated N- terminal fragment of ARF1 [Losonczi and Prestegard (1998) Biochemistry 37, 706-716] to include a comparison to a nonmyristoylated analogue. Results indicate that both myristoylated and nonmyristoylated peptides are α-helical in a lipid environment and that N-myristoylation does not greatly influence the structure of the peptides. Evidence is presented suggesting association of the peptides with bilayer disks through a combination of edge and surface interactions.
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