Nuclear suppression from coherent J/ψ photoproduction at the Large Hadron Collider

V. Guzey, E. Kryshen, M. Strikman, M. Zhalov

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Abstract

Using the data on coherent J/ψ photoproduction in Pb-Pb ultraperipheral collisions (UPCs) obtained in Runs 1 and 2 at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), we determined with a good accuracy the nuclear suppression factor of SPb(x) in a wide range of the momentum fraction x, 10−5≤x≤0.04. In the small-x region x<10−3, our χ2 fit favors a flat form of SPb(x)≈0.6 with approximately a 5% accuracy for x=6×10−4−10−3 and a 25% error at x=10−4. At the same time, uncertainties of the fit do not exclude a slow decrease of SPb(x) in the small-x limit. At large x, SPb(x) is constrained to better than 10% precision up to x=0.04 and is also consistent with the value of SPb(x) at 〈x〉=0.042, which we extract from the Fermilab data on the A dependence of the cross section of coherent J/ψ photoproduction on fixed nuclear targets. The resulting uncertainties on SPb(x) are small, which indicates the potential of the LHC data on coherent charmonium photoproduction in Pb-Pb UPCs to provide additional constraints on small-x nPDFs. We explicitly demonstrate this using as an example the EPPS16 and nCTEQ16 nuclear parton distribution functions, whose uncertainties decrease severalfold after the Bayesian reweighting of the discussed UPC data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number136202
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume816
DOIs
StatePublished - May 10 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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