Nuclear trafficking of retroviral RNAs and gag proteins during late steps of replication

Matthew S. Stake, Darrin V. Bann, Rebecca J. Kaddis, Leslie J. Parent

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Retroviruses exploit nuclear trafficking machinery at several distinct stages in their replication cycles. In this review, we will focus primarily on nucleocytoplasmic trafficking events that occur after the completion of reverse transcription and proviral integration. First, we will discuss nuclear export of unspliced viral RNA transcripts, which serves two essential roles: as the mRNA template for the translation of viral structural proteins and as the genome for encapsidation into virions. These full-length viral RNAs must overcome the cell'S quality control measures to leave the nucleus by co-opting host factors or encoding viral proteins to mediate nuclear export of unspliced viral RNAs. Next, we will summarize the most recent findings on the mechanisms of Gag nuclear trafficking and discuss potential roles for nuclear localization of Gag proteins in retrovirus replication.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2767-2795
Number of pages29
JournalViruses
Volume5
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 18 2013

Fingerprint

gag Gene Products
Viral RNA
Cell Nucleus Active Transport
RNA
Retroviridae
Viral Structural Proteins
Protein Biosynthesis
Viral Proteins
Quality Control
Virion
Reverse Transcription
Genome

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology

Cite this

Stake, Matthew S. ; Bann, Darrin V. ; Kaddis, Rebecca J. ; Parent, Leslie J. / Nuclear trafficking of retroviral RNAs and gag proteins during late steps of replication. In: Viruses. 2013 ; Vol. 5, No. 11. pp. 2767-2795.
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Nuclear trafficking of retroviral RNAs and gag proteins during late steps of replication. / Stake, Matthew S.; Bann, Darrin V.; Kaddis, Rebecca J.; Parent, Leslie J.

In: Viruses, Vol. 5, No. 11, 18.11.2013, p. 2767-2795.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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