Nucleic Acid Polymerase Fidelity and Viral Population Fitness

Eric D. Smidansky, Jamie J. Arnold, Craig E. Cameron

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Viral polymerases are essential for the maintenance and expression of the genomes of all viruses. The fidelity of polymerase-catalyzed nucleotide addition varies between classes of nucleic acid polymerases. Here we present a kinetic, thermodynamic, and structural description of the process employed by polymerases to modulate the accuracy of nucleotide addition. Direct connections between polymerase fidelity and virus biology are discussed that lead to the general conclusion that polymerase fidelity is tuned by natural selec-tion to optimize viral population genotypic diversity and, consequently, viral competitiveness in the dynamic and hostile environment of the cell. Finally, we discuss the potential of exploiting the optimized nature of viral polymerase fidelity for development of strategies to treat and prevent viral infections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationOrigin and Evolution of Viruses
PublisherElsevier Ltd
Pages135-160
Number of pages26
ISBN (Print)9780123741530
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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