Nucleosomes are not necessary for promoter-proximal pausing in vitro on the Drosophila hsp70 promoter

Lawrence R. Benjamin, David S. Gilmour

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

RNA polymerase II has been found to pause stably on several metazoan genes in a promoter-proximal region located 20-40 nt downstream from the start site of transcription. Escape of polymerase from this paused state has been proposed to be a rate limiting step in transcription of some genes. A study of the human hsp70 promoter showed that a nucleosome positioned downstream from the transcription start was a key component in establishing a stably paused polymerase in one cell-free system. We tested whether these results could be extended to the Drosophila hsp70 promoter in a Drosophila cell-free system and found that polymerase paused stably on the promoter even when the length of DNA downstream from the transcription start was not sufficient for assembly of a nucleosome. Our results indicate that a downstream nucleosome is not a universal requirement for stably pausing RNA polymerase in the promoter-proximal region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1051-1055
Number of pages5
JournalNucleic acids research
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 1998

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Nucleosomes
Drosophila
Cell-Free System
Genetic Promoter Regions
RNA Polymerase II
Transcription Initiation Site
DNA-Directed RNA Polymerases
Genes
DNA
In Vitro Techniques

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics

Cite this

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abstract = "RNA polymerase II has been found to pause stably on several metazoan genes in a promoter-proximal region located 20-40 nt downstream from the start site of transcription. Escape of polymerase from this paused state has been proposed to be a rate limiting step in transcription of some genes. A study of the human hsp70 promoter showed that a nucleosome positioned downstream from the transcription start was a key component in establishing a stably paused polymerase in one cell-free system. We tested whether these results could be extended to the Drosophila hsp70 promoter in a Drosophila cell-free system and found that polymerase paused stably on the promoter even when the length of DNA downstream from the transcription start was not sufficient for assembly of a nucleosome. Our results indicate that a downstream nucleosome is not a universal requirement for stably pausing RNA polymerase in the promoter-proximal region.",
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Nucleosomes are not necessary for promoter-proximal pausing in vitro on the Drosophila hsp70 promoter. / Benjamin, Lawrence R.; Gilmour, David S.

In: Nucleic acids research, Vol. 26, No. 4, 15.02.1998, p. 1051-1055.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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