"Nuisance dust": Unprotective limits for exposure to coal mine dust in the United States, 1934-1969

Alan Derickson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

I examine the dismissal of coal mine dust as a mere nuisance, not a potentially serious threat to extractive workers who inhaled it. In the 1930s, the US Public Health Service played a major role in conceptualizing coal mine dust as virtually harmless. Dissent from this position by some federal officials failed to dislodge either that view or the recommendation of minimal limitations on workplace exposure that flowed from it. Privatization of regulatory authority after 1940 ensured that miners would lack protection against respiratory disease. The reform effort that overturned the established misunderstanding in the late 1960s critically depended upon both the production of scientific findings and the emergence of a subaltern movement in the coalfields. This episode illuminates the steep challenges often facing advocates of stronger workplace health standards.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)238-249
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican journal of public health
Volume103
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2013

Fingerprint

Coal
Dust
Workplace
Privatization
Dissent and Disputes
United States Public Health Service
Health
Miners

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

@article{c2fd66e50023494e8ec7385355b88657,
title = "{"}Nuisance dust{"}: Unprotective limits for exposure to coal mine dust in the United States, 1934-1969",
abstract = "I examine the dismissal of coal mine dust as a mere nuisance, not a potentially serious threat to extractive workers who inhaled it. In the 1930s, the US Public Health Service played a major role in conceptualizing coal mine dust as virtually harmless. Dissent from this position by some federal officials failed to dislodge either that view or the recommendation of minimal limitations on workplace exposure that flowed from it. Privatization of regulatory authority after 1940 ensured that miners would lack protection against respiratory disease. The reform effort that overturned the established misunderstanding in the late 1960s critically depended upon both the production of scientific findings and the emergence of a subaltern movement in the coalfields. This episode illuminates the steep challenges often facing advocates of stronger workplace health standards.",
author = "Alan Derickson",
year = "2013",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2105/AJPH.2012.300932",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "103",
pages = "238--249",
journal = "American Journal of Public Health",
issn = "0090-0036",
publisher = "American Public Health Association Inc.",
number = "2",

}

"Nuisance dust" : Unprotective limits for exposure to coal mine dust in the United States, 1934-1969. / Derickson, Alan.

In: American journal of public health, Vol. 103, No. 2, 01.02.2013, p. 238-249.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - "Nuisance dust"

T2 - Unprotective limits for exposure to coal mine dust in the United States, 1934-1969

AU - Derickson, Alan

PY - 2013/2/1

Y1 - 2013/2/1

N2 - I examine the dismissal of coal mine dust as a mere nuisance, not a potentially serious threat to extractive workers who inhaled it. In the 1930s, the US Public Health Service played a major role in conceptualizing coal mine dust as virtually harmless. Dissent from this position by some federal officials failed to dislodge either that view or the recommendation of minimal limitations on workplace exposure that flowed from it. Privatization of regulatory authority after 1940 ensured that miners would lack protection against respiratory disease. The reform effort that overturned the established misunderstanding in the late 1960s critically depended upon both the production of scientific findings and the emergence of a subaltern movement in the coalfields. This episode illuminates the steep challenges often facing advocates of stronger workplace health standards.

AB - I examine the dismissal of coal mine dust as a mere nuisance, not a potentially serious threat to extractive workers who inhaled it. In the 1930s, the US Public Health Service played a major role in conceptualizing coal mine dust as virtually harmless. Dissent from this position by some federal officials failed to dislodge either that view or the recommendation of minimal limitations on workplace exposure that flowed from it. Privatization of regulatory authority after 1940 ensured that miners would lack protection against respiratory disease. The reform effort that overturned the established misunderstanding in the late 1960s critically depended upon both the production of scientific findings and the emergence of a subaltern movement in the coalfields. This episode illuminates the steep challenges often facing advocates of stronger workplace health standards.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84872555561&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84872555561&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2105/AJPH.2012.300932

DO - 10.2105/AJPH.2012.300932

M3 - Review article

C2 - 23237176

AN - SCOPUS:84872555561

VL - 103

SP - 238

EP - 249

JO - American Journal of Public Health

JF - American Journal of Public Health

SN - 0090-0036

IS - 2

ER -