Numerical algorithms for acoustic integrals with examples for rotor noise prediction

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34 Scopus citations


The accurate prediction of the aeroacoustic field generated by aerospace vehicles or nonaerospace machinery is necessary for designers to control and reduce source noise. Powerful computational aeroacoustic methods, based on various acoustic analogies (primarily the Lighthill acoustic analogy) and Kirchhoff methods, have been developed for prediction of noise from complicated sources, such as rotating blades. Both methods ultimately predict the noise through numerical evaluation of an integral formulation. We consider three generic acoustic formulations and several numerical algorithms that have been used to compute the solutions to these formulations. Algorithms for retarded-time formulations are the most efficient and robust, but they are difficult to implement for supersonic-source motion. Collapsing-sphere and emission-surface formulations are good alternatives when supersonic-source motion is present, but the numerical implementations of these formulations are more computationally demanding. New algorithms-which utilize solution adaptation to provide a specified error level-are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)625-630
Number of pages6
JournalAIAA journal
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering


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