The study of depletion performance of naturally fractured reservoirs has gained wide interest in the petroleum industry during the last few decades and poses a challenge for the reservoir modeler. The presence of a retrograde gas-condensate fluid incorporates an additional layer of complexity to the performance of this class of reservoirs. Upon depletion, reservoir pressure may fall below the dew-point of the hydrocarbon mixture which results in liquid condensation at reservoir conditions. In the case of fractured gas-condensate reservoirs, condensate will first appear in the high-conductivity channels supplied by the fracture network and around the external edges of the matrix blocks which are the zones prone to faster depletion. Since the bulk of hydrocarbon storage resides inside the matrix, it is critical to answer the question whether the condensate formed in the matrix edges would irreversibly trap the gas found in the inner-most portions of the matrix. It is believed that the interplay of Darcian-type flow and Fickian-type flow (multi-mechanistic flow) is the key to answering the questions about depletion performance and ultimate recovery in these reservoirs. This study investigates the recovery mechanisms from a single matrix block surrounded by an orthogonal matrix network, as the fundamental building block for the full-scale system. In this work, we show the dominant flow processes and recovery mechanisms taking place in naturally fractured gas-condensate reservoirs and describe the depletion performance of these systems, which provides guidance for the development and analysis of this class of reservoirs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Fuel Technology
- Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology