Numerical bifurcation analysis of distance-dependent on-center off-surround shunting neural networks

Maartje E.J. Raijmakers, Han L.J. Van Der Maas, Peter C.M. Molenaar

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On-center off-surround shunting neural networks are often applied as models for content-addressable memory (CAM), the equilibria being the stored memories. One important demand of biological plausible CAMs is that they function under a broad range of parameters, since several parameters vary due to post-natal maturation or learning. Ellias, Cohen and Grossberg have put much effort into showing the stability properties of several configurations of on-center off-surround shunting neural networks. In this article we present numerical bifurcation analysis of distance-dependent on-center off-surround shunting neural networks with fixed external input. We varied four parameters that may be subject to postnatal maturation: the range of both excitatory and inhibitory connections and the strength of both inhibitory and excitatory connections. These analyses show that fold bifurcations occur in the equilibrium behavior of the network by variation of all four parameters. The most important result is that the number of activation peaks in the equilibrium behavior varies from one to many if the range of inhibitory connections is decreased. Moreover, under a broad range of the parameters the stability of the network is maintained. The examined network is implemented in an ART network, Exact ART, where it functions as the classification layer F2. The stability of the ART network with the F2-field in different dynamic regimes is maintained and the behavior is functional in Exact ART. Through a bifurcation the learning behavior of Exact ART may even change from forming local representations to forming distributed representations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)495-507
Number of pages13
JournalBiological Cybernetics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1996


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Computer Science(all)

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