Numerical modeling of the effect of aerodynamics on NOx emissions and char burnout for combustion of coal in O2/CO 2

Prabhat Naredi, Sarma V. Pisupati

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Combustion of coal in O2 and Recycled Flue Gas (RFG) medium is one of the approaches to obtain pure CO2 stream from an existing power plant that can be sequestered to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere. Other advantages of this approach are an increase in char burnout and reduction in NOx emissions. However, in order to retrofit the existing boiler, approximately 30% O2 and 70% CO2 blend is required in the oxidizer stream. This leads to a decrease in the volume of combustion gases which subsequently changes the mixing pattern of oxidizer and coal particles inside the boiler. If coal particles and oxygen are not well mixed, NOx emissions will be altered due to local fuel rich pockets. In the present paper, an, axi-symmetric, 2-D computational model was developed using Fluent CFD code, for a 1,000 lb steam/hr "A-frame", water-tube research boiler to identify and optimize the key variables that influence the NOx emissions. Model predictions were compared with the experimental measurements of gas temperature, particle speed and gaseous emissions for Upper Freeport (Bituminous) coal fired in air medium. The effects on gaseous emissions such as NOx, and CO2 due to change in combustion gas loading and presence of increased CO2 are predicted under similar operating conditions. The effect of swirl number was analyzed to minimize the NOx emissions from the boiler in enriched O2/CO 2 medium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication23rd Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC - Coal-Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006
Event23rd Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC - Coal-Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development - Pittsburgh, PA, United States
Duration: Sep 25 2006Sep 28 2006

Publication series

Name23rd Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC - Coal-Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development

Other

Other23rd Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC - Coal-Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development
CountryUnited States
CityPittsburgh, PA
Period9/25/069/28/06

Fingerprint

burnout
aerodynamics
coal
Boilers
Aerodynamics
Gas emissions
Coal
boilers
Gases
oxidizers
Bituminous coal
Flue gases
Greenhouse gases
gases
Power plants
Computational fluid dynamics
Steam
flue gases
greenhouses
power plants

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Naredi, P., & Pisupati, S. V. (2006). Numerical modeling of the effect of aerodynamics on NOx emissions and char burnout for combustion of coal in O2/CO 2. In 23rd Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC - Coal-Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development (23rd Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC - Coal-Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development).
Naredi, Prabhat ; Pisupati, Sarma V. / Numerical modeling of the effect of aerodynamics on NOx emissions and char burnout for combustion of coal in O2/CO 2. 23rd Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC - Coal-Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development. 2006. (23rd Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC - Coal-Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development).
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abstract = "Combustion of coal in O2 and Recycled Flue Gas (RFG) medium is one of the approaches to obtain pure CO2 stream from an existing power plant that can be sequestered to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere. Other advantages of this approach are an increase in char burnout and reduction in NOx emissions. However, in order to retrofit the existing boiler, approximately 30{\%} O2 and 70{\%} CO2 blend is required in the oxidizer stream. This leads to a decrease in the volume of combustion gases which subsequently changes the mixing pattern of oxidizer and coal particles inside the boiler. If coal particles and oxygen are not well mixed, NOx emissions will be altered due to local fuel rich pockets. In the present paper, an, axi-symmetric, 2-D computational model was developed using Fluent CFD code, for a 1,000 lb steam/hr {"}A-frame{"}, water-tube research boiler to identify and optimize the key variables that influence the NOx emissions. Model predictions were compared with the experimental measurements of gas temperature, particle speed and gaseous emissions for Upper Freeport (Bituminous) coal fired in air medium. The effects on gaseous emissions such as NOx, and CO2 due to change in combustion gas loading and presence of increased CO2 are predicted under similar operating conditions. The effect of swirl number was analyzed to minimize the NOx emissions from the boiler in enriched O2/CO 2 medium.",
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Naredi, P & Pisupati, SV 2006, Numerical modeling of the effect of aerodynamics on NOx emissions and char burnout for combustion of coal in O2/CO 2. in 23rd Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC - Coal-Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development. 23rd Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC - Coal-Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development, 23rd Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC - Coal-Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development, Pittsburgh, PA, United States, 9/25/06.

Numerical modeling of the effect of aerodynamics on NOx emissions and char burnout for combustion of coal in O2/CO 2. / Naredi, Prabhat; Pisupati, Sarma V.

23rd Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC - Coal-Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development. 2006. (23rd Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC - Coal-Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - Combustion of coal in O2 and Recycled Flue Gas (RFG) medium is one of the approaches to obtain pure CO2 stream from an existing power plant that can be sequestered to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere. Other advantages of this approach are an increase in char burnout and reduction in NOx emissions. However, in order to retrofit the existing boiler, approximately 30% O2 and 70% CO2 blend is required in the oxidizer stream. This leads to a decrease in the volume of combustion gases which subsequently changes the mixing pattern of oxidizer and coal particles inside the boiler. If coal particles and oxygen are not well mixed, NOx emissions will be altered due to local fuel rich pockets. In the present paper, an, axi-symmetric, 2-D computational model was developed using Fluent CFD code, for a 1,000 lb steam/hr "A-frame", water-tube research boiler to identify and optimize the key variables that influence the NOx emissions. Model predictions were compared with the experimental measurements of gas temperature, particle speed and gaseous emissions for Upper Freeport (Bituminous) coal fired in air medium. The effects on gaseous emissions such as NOx, and CO2 due to change in combustion gas loading and presence of increased CO2 are predicted under similar operating conditions. The effect of swirl number was analyzed to minimize the NOx emissions from the boiler in enriched O2/CO 2 medium.

AB - Combustion of coal in O2 and Recycled Flue Gas (RFG) medium is one of the approaches to obtain pure CO2 stream from an existing power plant that can be sequestered to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere. Other advantages of this approach are an increase in char burnout and reduction in NOx emissions. However, in order to retrofit the existing boiler, approximately 30% O2 and 70% CO2 blend is required in the oxidizer stream. This leads to a decrease in the volume of combustion gases which subsequently changes the mixing pattern of oxidizer and coal particles inside the boiler. If coal particles and oxygen are not well mixed, NOx emissions will be altered due to local fuel rich pockets. In the present paper, an, axi-symmetric, 2-D computational model was developed using Fluent CFD code, for a 1,000 lb steam/hr "A-frame", water-tube research boiler to identify and optimize the key variables that influence the NOx emissions. Model predictions were compared with the experimental measurements of gas temperature, particle speed and gaseous emissions for Upper Freeport (Bituminous) coal fired in air medium. The effects on gaseous emissions such as NOx, and CO2 due to change in combustion gas loading and presence of increased CO2 are predicted under similar operating conditions. The effect of swirl number was analyzed to minimize the NOx emissions from the boiler in enriched O2/CO 2 medium.

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M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:34748831654

SN - 1890977233

SN - 9781890977238

T3 - 23rd Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC - Coal-Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development

BT - 23rd Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC - Coal-Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development

ER -

Naredi P, Pisupati SV. Numerical modeling of the effect of aerodynamics on NOx emissions and char burnout for combustion of coal in O2/CO 2. In 23rd Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC - Coal-Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development. 2006. (23rd Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC - Coal-Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development).