Numerical modeling of the St. Clair River and sediment mobility analysis

Xiaofeng Liu, Gary Parker, Marcelo H. Garcia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The continuous lowering of Lake Michigan-Huron levels has caused increasing concerns. St. Clair River, which drains Lakes Michigan and Huron to Lake St. Clair-Lake Erie, appears to bear much of the blame. The three most possible causes are the erosion of the St. Clair River bed, relative change in net basin supply (NBS), and differential glacial rebound. Dredging and erosion so induced might have changed the river conveyance. In this paper, only sediment erosion will be considered. Among many other things, sand/gravel mining, sediment supply into the St. Clair River, and changes of the river cross section at some critical points may have affected the conveyance. In this study, a two-dimensional numerical code, HydroSed2D, will be used to investigate whether the St. Clair River is still eroding under current flow conditions. HydroSed2D is a two-dimensional depth-averaged hydrodynamic code with a sediment transport module. It is based on the shallow water equations. This code has been used in many engineering applications. Bathymetry data is compiled from different sources (single beam and multi-beam echo sound surveys). Sediment size distribution information is from the image analysis of under water videos. With the bed shear stresses results, the possibility of sediment movement in the St. Clair River is analyzed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationWorld Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010
Subtitle of host publicationChallenges of Change - Proceedings of the World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010
Pages1412-1420
Number of pages9
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2 2010
EventWorld Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010: Challenges of Change - Providence, RI, United States
Duration: May 16 2010May 20 2010

Publication series

NameWorld Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010: Challenges of Change - Proceedings of the World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010

Other

OtherWorld Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010: Challenges of Change
CountryUnited States
CityProvidence, RI
Period5/16/105/20/10

Fingerprint

river
sediment
modeling
lake
erosion
glacial rebound
echo sounder
shallow-water equation
bottom stress
river bed
dredging
bathymetry
image analysis
drain
shear stress
sediment transport
analysis
gravel
cross section
hydrodynamics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

Liu, X., Parker, G., & Garcia, M. H. (2010). Numerical modeling of the St. Clair River and sediment mobility analysis. In World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010: Challenges of Change - Proceedings of the World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010 (pp. 1412-1420). (World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010: Challenges of Change - Proceedings of the World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010). https://doi.org/10.1061/41114(371)149
Liu, Xiaofeng ; Parker, Gary ; Garcia, Marcelo H. / Numerical modeling of the St. Clair River and sediment mobility analysis. World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010: Challenges of Change - Proceedings of the World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010. 2010. pp. 1412-1420 (World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010: Challenges of Change - Proceedings of the World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010).
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title = "Numerical modeling of the St. Clair River and sediment mobility analysis",
abstract = "The continuous lowering of Lake Michigan-Huron levels has caused increasing concerns. St. Clair River, which drains Lakes Michigan and Huron to Lake St. Clair-Lake Erie, appears to bear much of the blame. The three most possible causes are the erosion of the St. Clair River bed, relative change in net basin supply (NBS), and differential glacial rebound. Dredging and erosion so induced might have changed the river conveyance. In this paper, only sediment erosion will be considered. Among many other things, sand/gravel mining, sediment supply into the St. Clair River, and changes of the river cross section at some critical points may have affected the conveyance. In this study, a two-dimensional numerical code, HydroSed2D, will be used to investigate whether the St. Clair River is still eroding under current flow conditions. HydroSed2D is a two-dimensional depth-averaged hydrodynamic code with a sediment transport module. It is based on the shallow water equations. This code has been used in many engineering applications. Bathymetry data is compiled from different sources (single beam and multi-beam echo sound surveys). Sediment size distribution information is from the image analysis of under water videos. With the bed shear stresses results, the possibility of sediment movement in the St. Clair River is analyzed.",
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Liu, X, Parker, G & Garcia, MH 2010, Numerical modeling of the St. Clair River and sediment mobility analysis. in World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010: Challenges of Change - Proceedings of the World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010. World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010: Challenges of Change - Proceedings of the World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010, pp. 1412-1420, World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010: Challenges of Change, Providence, RI, United States, 5/16/10. https://doi.org/10.1061/41114(371)149

Numerical modeling of the St. Clair River and sediment mobility analysis. / Liu, Xiaofeng; Parker, Gary; Garcia, Marcelo H.

World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010: Challenges of Change - Proceedings of the World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010. 2010. p. 1412-1420 (World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010: Challenges of Change - Proceedings of the World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - The continuous lowering of Lake Michigan-Huron levels has caused increasing concerns. St. Clair River, which drains Lakes Michigan and Huron to Lake St. Clair-Lake Erie, appears to bear much of the blame. The three most possible causes are the erosion of the St. Clair River bed, relative change in net basin supply (NBS), and differential glacial rebound. Dredging and erosion so induced might have changed the river conveyance. In this paper, only sediment erosion will be considered. Among many other things, sand/gravel mining, sediment supply into the St. Clair River, and changes of the river cross section at some critical points may have affected the conveyance. In this study, a two-dimensional numerical code, HydroSed2D, will be used to investigate whether the St. Clair River is still eroding under current flow conditions. HydroSed2D is a two-dimensional depth-averaged hydrodynamic code with a sediment transport module. It is based on the shallow water equations. This code has been used in many engineering applications. Bathymetry data is compiled from different sources (single beam and multi-beam echo sound surveys). Sediment size distribution information is from the image analysis of under water videos. With the bed shear stresses results, the possibility of sediment movement in the St. Clair River is analyzed.

AB - The continuous lowering of Lake Michigan-Huron levels has caused increasing concerns. St. Clair River, which drains Lakes Michigan and Huron to Lake St. Clair-Lake Erie, appears to bear much of the blame. The three most possible causes are the erosion of the St. Clair River bed, relative change in net basin supply (NBS), and differential glacial rebound. Dredging and erosion so induced might have changed the river conveyance. In this paper, only sediment erosion will be considered. Among many other things, sand/gravel mining, sediment supply into the St. Clair River, and changes of the river cross section at some critical points may have affected the conveyance. In this study, a two-dimensional numerical code, HydroSed2D, will be used to investigate whether the St. Clair River is still eroding under current flow conditions. HydroSed2D is a two-dimensional depth-averaged hydrodynamic code with a sediment transport module. It is based on the shallow water equations. This code has been used in many engineering applications. Bathymetry data is compiled from different sources (single beam and multi-beam echo sound surveys). Sediment size distribution information is from the image analysis of under water videos. With the bed shear stresses results, the possibility of sediment movement in the St. Clair River is analyzed.

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M3 - Conference contribution

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Liu X, Parker G, Garcia MH. Numerical modeling of the St. Clair River and sediment mobility analysis. In World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010: Challenges of Change - Proceedings of the World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010. 2010. p. 1412-1420. (World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010: Challenges of Change - Proceedings of the World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010). https://doi.org/10.1061/41114(371)149