Numerical simulation of jet noise from different jet nozzle geometries

Umesh Paliath, Philip J. Morris

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper describes a computational study of the directivity of noise radiated by jets with different nozzle exit geometries. The nozzles considered are both axisymmetric and nonaxisymmetric. Also, the study describes the differences between noise radiated from nozzles with planar and non-planar exits. Finally, jets with rectangular nozzles are considered. The Detached-Eddy Simulation (DES) approach is used to simulate both the jet nozzle internal and external flows as well as the jet plume development. This methodology allows the turbulence model to transition automatically from an unsteady Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (URANS) method for attached boundary layers to a Large Eddy Simulation (LES) in separated regions. Thus it is ideally suited to jet flow simulations where the nozzle is included. Both cylindrical and Cartesian coordinate systems are used. The one equation Spalart-Allmaras turbulence model is used to describe the evolution of the turbulent eddy viscosity. An explicit 4th order Runge-Kutta time marching scheme is used. The far-field sound is calculated using the Ffowcs Williams-Hawkings permeable surface wave extrapolation method. This permits the noise to be predicted at large distances from the jet based on fluctuations in the jet's near field. This provides a good compromise between numerical accuracy and computational cost. Comparisons are made between predictions and measurements where they are available.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication19th National Conference on Noise Control Engineering 2005, Noise-Con 05
Pages388-396
Number of pages9
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005
Event19th National Conference on Noise Control Engineering 2005, Noise-Con 2005 - Minneapolis, MN, United States
Duration: Oct 15 2005Oct 17 2005

Publication series

Name19th National Conference on Noise Control Engineering 2005, Noise-Con 05
Volume1

Other

Other19th National Conference on Noise Control Engineering 2005, Noise-Con 2005
CountryUnited States
CityMinneapolis, MN
Period10/15/0510/17/05

Fingerprint

nozzle geometry
jet nozzles
jet aircraft noise
nozzles
turbulence models
simulation
time marching
internal flow
eddy viscosity
cylindrical coordinates
jet flow
Cartesian coordinates
directivity
large eddy simulation
surface waves
plumes
far fields
extrapolation
boundary layers
near fields

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

Cite this

Paliath, U., & Morris, P. J. (2005). Numerical simulation of jet noise from different jet nozzle geometries. In 19th National Conference on Noise Control Engineering 2005, Noise-Con 05 (pp. 388-396). (19th National Conference on Noise Control Engineering 2005, Noise-Con 05; Vol. 1).
Paliath, Umesh ; Morris, Philip J. / Numerical simulation of jet noise from different jet nozzle geometries. 19th National Conference on Noise Control Engineering 2005, Noise-Con 05. 2005. pp. 388-396 (19th National Conference on Noise Control Engineering 2005, Noise-Con 05).
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Paliath, U & Morris, PJ 2005, Numerical simulation of jet noise from different jet nozzle geometries. in 19th National Conference on Noise Control Engineering 2005, Noise-Con 05. 19th National Conference on Noise Control Engineering 2005, Noise-Con 05, vol. 1, pp. 388-396, 19th National Conference on Noise Control Engineering 2005, Noise-Con 2005, Minneapolis, MN, United States, 10/15/05.

Numerical simulation of jet noise from different jet nozzle geometries. / Paliath, Umesh; Morris, Philip J.

19th National Conference on Noise Control Engineering 2005, Noise-Con 05. 2005. p. 388-396 (19th National Conference on Noise Control Engineering 2005, Noise-Con 05; Vol. 1).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Paliath U, Morris PJ. Numerical simulation of jet noise from different jet nozzle geometries. In 19th National Conference on Noise Control Engineering 2005, Noise-Con 05. 2005. p. 388-396. (19th National Conference on Noise Control Engineering 2005, Noise-Con 05).