Numerical simulation studies on development of an offshore heavy oil field by early-stage chemical flooding

F. Sun, X. Zhang, X. Kang, B. Gong, W. Liu, G. Qin, J. Xu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

As one of the major enhanced oil recovery mechanisms, chemical flooding procedure has been widely and successfully used in matured fields and the overall sweep efficiency has been improved between 5-12% due to various chemical flooding treatments. China National Offshore Oil Company (Cnooc) started its pilot offshore chemical flooding projects to evaluate the chemical flooding opportunities at early development phase. In this paper, we present numerical simulation studies on overall evaluation of a Cnooc's offshore heavy oil chemical flooding project using chemical flooding simulator. In the numerical simulation studies, we have developed a numerical model with the focus on various complex chemical flooding procedures. Moreover, we have also developed a dynamic well model that is capable of modeling multi-phase flow inside complex multi-lateral wellbores. An algebraic multi-grid linear solver has been developed and implemented into the simulator. As the simulator has been developed following the advanced software architecture design and it can be easily expanded other field applications. The targeted field in this paper is an offshore heavy-oil field with hundreds of wells and a complex fault system. The production started in 1999, and waterflooding in 2000. In 2007, all water injectors have been switched to polymer injection for better conformance control. In this field-scale reservoir simulation study, the polymer solution, reservoir brine and the injected water are represented as miscible components of the aqueous phase. Key factors such as inaccessible pore volume, polymer shear thinning effect, polymer adsorption, and relative permeability reduction factors have been taken into account for the construction of the mathematical model. Simulations have been run for evaluation on optimal polymer injection timing, amount and pattern.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSociety of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Heavy Oil Conference Canada 2012
Pages1478-1489
Number of pages12
StatePublished - Sep 19 2012
EventSPE Heavy Oil Conference Canada 2012 - Calgary, AB, Canada
Duration: Jun 12 2012Jun 14 2012

Publication series

NameSociety of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Heavy Oil Conference Canada 2012
Volume2

Other

OtherSPE Heavy Oil Conference Canada 2012
CountryCanada
CityCalgary, AB
Period6/12/126/14/12

Fingerprint

Oil fields
heavy oil
oil field
flooding
Crude oil
polymer
Computer simulation
Polymers
simulation
simulator
Simulators
Oils
Well flooding
Shear thinning
Water
enhanced oil recovery
Multiphase flow
multiphase flow
Software architecture
Polymer solutions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Sun, F., Zhang, X., Kang, X., Gong, B., Liu, W., Qin, G., & Xu, J. (2012). Numerical simulation studies on development of an offshore heavy oil field by early-stage chemical flooding. In Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Heavy Oil Conference Canada 2012 (pp. 1478-1489). (Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Heavy Oil Conference Canada 2012; Vol. 2).
Sun, F. ; Zhang, X. ; Kang, X. ; Gong, B. ; Liu, W. ; Qin, G. ; Xu, J. / Numerical simulation studies on development of an offshore heavy oil field by early-stage chemical flooding. Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Heavy Oil Conference Canada 2012. 2012. pp. 1478-1489 (Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Heavy Oil Conference Canada 2012).
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abstract = "As one of the major enhanced oil recovery mechanisms, chemical flooding procedure has been widely and successfully used in matured fields and the overall sweep efficiency has been improved between 5-12{\%} due to various chemical flooding treatments. China National Offshore Oil Company (Cnooc) started its pilot offshore chemical flooding projects to evaluate the chemical flooding opportunities at early development phase. In this paper, we present numerical simulation studies on overall evaluation of a Cnooc's offshore heavy oil chemical flooding project using chemical flooding simulator. In the numerical simulation studies, we have developed a numerical model with the focus on various complex chemical flooding procedures. Moreover, we have also developed a dynamic well model that is capable of modeling multi-phase flow inside complex multi-lateral wellbores. An algebraic multi-grid linear solver has been developed and implemented into the simulator. As the simulator has been developed following the advanced software architecture design and it can be easily expanded other field applications. The targeted field in this paper is an offshore heavy-oil field with hundreds of wells and a complex fault system. The production started in 1999, and waterflooding in 2000. In 2007, all water injectors have been switched to polymer injection for better conformance control. In this field-scale reservoir simulation study, the polymer solution, reservoir brine and the injected water are represented as miscible components of the aqueous phase. Key factors such as inaccessible pore volume, polymer shear thinning effect, polymer adsorption, and relative permeability reduction factors have been taken into account for the construction of the mathematical model. Simulations have been run for evaluation on optimal polymer injection timing, amount and pattern.",
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Sun, F, Zhang, X, Kang, X, Gong, B, Liu, W, Qin, G & Xu, J 2012, Numerical simulation studies on development of an offshore heavy oil field by early-stage chemical flooding. in Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Heavy Oil Conference Canada 2012. Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Heavy Oil Conference Canada 2012, vol. 2, pp. 1478-1489, SPE Heavy Oil Conference Canada 2012, Calgary, AB, Canada, 6/12/12.

Numerical simulation studies on development of an offshore heavy oil field by early-stage chemical flooding. / Sun, F.; Zhang, X.; Kang, X.; Gong, B.; Liu, W.; Qin, G.; Xu, J.

Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Heavy Oil Conference Canada 2012. 2012. p. 1478-1489 (Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Heavy Oil Conference Canada 2012; Vol. 2).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AB - As one of the major enhanced oil recovery mechanisms, chemical flooding procedure has been widely and successfully used in matured fields and the overall sweep efficiency has been improved between 5-12% due to various chemical flooding treatments. China National Offshore Oil Company (Cnooc) started its pilot offshore chemical flooding projects to evaluate the chemical flooding opportunities at early development phase. In this paper, we present numerical simulation studies on overall evaluation of a Cnooc's offshore heavy oil chemical flooding project using chemical flooding simulator. In the numerical simulation studies, we have developed a numerical model with the focus on various complex chemical flooding procedures. Moreover, we have also developed a dynamic well model that is capable of modeling multi-phase flow inside complex multi-lateral wellbores. An algebraic multi-grid linear solver has been developed and implemented into the simulator. As the simulator has been developed following the advanced software architecture design and it can be easily expanded other field applications. The targeted field in this paper is an offshore heavy-oil field with hundreds of wells and a complex fault system. The production started in 1999, and waterflooding in 2000. In 2007, all water injectors have been switched to polymer injection for better conformance control. In this field-scale reservoir simulation study, the polymer solution, reservoir brine and the injected water are represented as miscible components of the aqueous phase. Key factors such as inaccessible pore volume, polymer shear thinning effect, polymer adsorption, and relative permeability reduction factors have been taken into account for the construction of the mathematical model. Simulations have been run for evaluation on optimal polymer injection timing, amount and pattern.

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Sun F, Zhang X, Kang X, Gong B, Liu W, Qin G et al. Numerical simulation studies on development of an offshore heavy oil field by early-stage chemical flooding. In Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Heavy Oil Conference Canada 2012. 2012. p. 1478-1489. (Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Heavy Oil Conference Canada 2012).