Numerical study of propagation of UHECRs

Spectrum, arrival direction, composition

S. Nagataki, K. Sato, D. Allard, K. Kotera, A. Calvez, A. Kusenko, Kohta Murase, J. Aoi, Y. Dubois, T. Pierog, A. R. Van Vliet, O. Scholten, H. Yoshiguchi

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

In this paper, simulations of propagation of UHE-protons from nearby galaxies are presented. We found good parameter sets to explain the arrival distribution of UHECRs reported by AGASA and the energy spectrum reported by HiRes. Using a good parameter set, we demonstrated what distribution of arrival direction of UHECRs will be as a function of event numbers. We show that 1000-10000 events are necessary to clearly see the source distribution. We also showed that effects of interactions and trapping of UHE-Nuclei in a galaxy cluster are very important. Especially, when a UHECR source is a bursting source such as a GRB/AGN flare, heavy UHE-Nuclei are trapped for a long time in the galaxy cluster, which changes the spectrum and chemical composition of UHECRs coming from the galaxy cluster. We also showed that such effects can be important when there have been sources of UHE-Nuclei in the Milky Way. Since light nuclei escape from the Milky Way in a short timescale, the chemical composition of UHECRs observed at the Earth can be heavy at the high-energy range as suggested by Auger.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages218-221
Number of pages4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011
Event32nd International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2011 - Beijing, China
Duration: Aug 11 2011Aug 18 2011

Other

Other32nd International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2011
CountryChina
CityBeijing
Period8/11/118/18/11

Fingerprint

arrivals
galaxies
propagation
nuclei
chemical composition
heavy nuclei
flares
escape
energy spectra
trapping
protons
simulation
interactions
energy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Nagataki, S., Sato, K., Allard, D., Kotera, K., Calvez, A., Kusenko, A., ... Yoshiguchi, H. (2011). Numerical study of propagation of UHECRs: Spectrum, arrival direction, composition. 218-221. Paper presented at 32nd International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2011, Beijing, China. https://doi.org/10.7529/ICRC2011/V02/1165
Nagataki, S. ; Sato, K. ; Allard, D. ; Kotera, K. ; Calvez, A. ; Kusenko, A. ; Murase, Kohta ; Aoi, J. ; Dubois, Y. ; Pierog, T. ; Van Vliet, A. R. ; Scholten, O. ; Yoshiguchi, H. / Numerical study of propagation of UHECRs : Spectrum, arrival direction, composition. Paper presented at 32nd International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2011, Beijing, China.4 p.
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title = "Numerical study of propagation of UHECRs: Spectrum, arrival direction, composition",
abstract = "In this paper, simulations of propagation of UHE-protons from nearby galaxies are presented. We found good parameter sets to explain the arrival distribution of UHECRs reported by AGASA and the energy spectrum reported by HiRes. Using a good parameter set, we demonstrated what distribution of arrival direction of UHECRs will be as a function of event numbers. We show that 1000-10000 events are necessary to clearly see the source distribution. We also showed that effects of interactions and trapping of UHE-Nuclei in a galaxy cluster are very important. Especially, when a UHECR source is a bursting source such as a GRB/AGN flare, heavy UHE-Nuclei are trapped for a long time in the galaxy cluster, which changes the spectrum and chemical composition of UHECRs coming from the galaxy cluster. We also showed that such effects can be important when there have been sources of UHE-Nuclei in the Milky Way. Since light nuclei escape from the Milky Way in a short timescale, the chemical composition of UHECRs observed at the Earth can be heavy at the high-energy range as suggested by Auger.",
author = "S. Nagataki and K. Sato and D. Allard and K. Kotera and A. Calvez and A. Kusenko and Kohta Murase and J. Aoi and Y. Dubois and T. Pierog and {Van Vliet}, {A. R.} and O. Scholten and H. Yoshiguchi",
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Nagataki, S, Sato, K, Allard, D, Kotera, K, Calvez, A, Kusenko, A, Murase, K, Aoi, J, Dubois, Y, Pierog, T, Van Vliet, AR, Scholten, O & Yoshiguchi, H 2011, 'Numerical study of propagation of UHECRs: Spectrum, arrival direction, composition' Paper presented at 32nd International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2011, Beijing, China, 8/11/11 - 8/18/11, pp. 218-221. https://doi.org/10.7529/ICRC2011/V02/1165

Numerical study of propagation of UHECRs : Spectrum, arrival direction, composition. / Nagataki, S.; Sato, K.; Allard, D.; Kotera, K.; Calvez, A.; Kusenko, A.; Murase, Kohta; Aoi, J.; Dubois, Y.; Pierog, T.; Van Vliet, A. R.; Scholten, O.; Yoshiguchi, H.

2011. 218-221 Paper presented at 32nd International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2011, Beijing, China.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - Numerical study of propagation of UHECRs

T2 - Spectrum, arrival direction, composition

AU - Nagataki, S.

AU - Sato, K.

AU - Allard, D.

AU - Kotera, K.

AU - Calvez, A.

AU - Kusenko, A.

AU - Murase, Kohta

AU - Aoi, J.

AU - Dubois, Y.

AU - Pierog, T.

AU - Van Vliet, A. R.

AU - Scholten, O.

AU - Yoshiguchi, H.

PY - 2011/1/1

Y1 - 2011/1/1

N2 - In this paper, simulations of propagation of UHE-protons from nearby galaxies are presented. We found good parameter sets to explain the arrival distribution of UHECRs reported by AGASA and the energy spectrum reported by HiRes. Using a good parameter set, we demonstrated what distribution of arrival direction of UHECRs will be as a function of event numbers. We show that 1000-10000 events are necessary to clearly see the source distribution. We also showed that effects of interactions and trapping of UHE-Nuclei in a galaxy cluster are very important. Especially, when a UHECR source is a bursting source such as a GRB/AGN flare, heavy UHE-Nuclei are trapped for a long time in the galaxy cluster, which changes the spectrum and chemical composition of UHECRs coming from the galaxy cluster. We also showed that such effects can be important when there have been sources of UHE-Nuclei in the Milky Way. Since light nuclei escape from the Milky Way in a short timescale, the chemical composition of UHECRs observed at the Earth can be heavy at the high-energy range as suggested by Auger.

AB - In this paper, simulations of propagation of UHE-protons from nearby galaxies are presented. We found good parameter sets to explain the arrival distribution of UHECRs reported by AGASA and the energy spectrum reported by HiRes. Using a good parameter set, we demonstrated what distribution of arrival direction of UHECRs will be as a function of event numbers. We show that 1000-10000 events are necessary to clearly see the source distribution. We also showed that effects of interactions and trapping of UHE-Nuclei in a galaxy cluster are very important. Especially, when a UHECR source is a bursting source such as a GRB/AGN flare, heavy UHE-Nuclei are trapped for a long time in the galaxy cluster, which changes the spectrum and chemical composition of UHECRs coming from the galaxy cluster. We also showed that such effects can be important when there have been sources of UHE-Nuclei in the Milky Way. Since light nuclei escape from the Milky Way in a short timescale, the chemical composition of UHECRs observed at the Earth can be heavy at the high-energy range as suggested by Auger.

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M3 - Paper

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ER -

Nagataki S, Sato K, Allard D, Kotera K, Calvez A, Kusenko A et al. Numerical study of propagation of UHECRs: Spectrum, arrival direction, composition. 2011. Paper presented at 32nd International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2011, Beijing, China. https://doi.org/10.7529/ICRC2011/V02/1165