Nutrition in Crohn disease

Karen L. Krok, Gary R. Lichtenstein

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nutrition plays an important role in the pathogenesis, treatment, and morbidity of Crohn disease. Approximately two thirds to three fourths of hospitalized patients with active disease and one fourth of outpatients with Crohn disease are malnourished. Malnutrition, which can be present even when Crohn disease is in remission, can affect growth, cellular and humoral immunity, bone density, and wound healing. Decreased nutrient intake, malabsorption, drug-nutrient interactions, anorexia, and protein-losing enteropathy can all contribute to the protein-calorie malnutrition and other specific nutrient deficiencies seen in Crohn disease. Therefore, by preventing and correcting nutrient deficiencies, nutritional therapy is an important component in the overall management of patients with Crohn disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)148-153
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Gastroenterology
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2003

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gastroenterology

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