Obesity and the US military family

Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Tracy Sbrocco, Kelly R. Theim, L. Adelyn Cohen, Eleanor R. MacKey, Eric Stice, Jennifer L. Henderson, Sarah J. McCreight, Edny J. Bryant, Mark B. Stephens

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective This review discusses the current knowledge and future directions regarding obesity within the US military family (i.e., active-duty servicemembers, as well as military spouses, children, retirees, and veterans). The increasing rates of overweight and obesity within the US military adversely impact military readiness, limit recruitment, and place a significant financial burden on the Department of Defense. Design and Methods The following topics are reviewed: 1) The prevalence of and the financial, physical, and psychological costs associated with overweight in military communities; 2) military weight regulations, and challenges faced by the military family related to overweight and disordered eating; 3) the continued need for rigorous program evaluations and new intervention development. Results Overweight and its associated sequelae impact the entire military family. Military families share many similarities with their civilian counterparts, but they face unique challenges (e.g., stress related to deployments and relocations). Although the military has weight management resources, there is an urgent need for rigorous program evaluation and the development of enhanced obesity prevention programs across the lifespan of the military family - several of which are proposed herein. Conclusions Interdisciplinary and collaborative research efforts and team-based interventions will continue to inform understanding of obesity treatment and prevention within military and civilian populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2205-2220
Number of pages16
JournalObesity
Volume21
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013

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Obesity
Program Evaluation
Weights and Measures
Veterans
Spouses
Eating
Military Family
Psychology
Costs and Cost Analysis
Research
Population
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Tanofsky-Kraff, M., Sbrocco, T., Theim, K. R., Cohen, L. A., MacKey, E. R., Stice, E., ... Stephens, M. B. (2013). Obesity and the US military family. Obesity, 21(11), 2205-2220. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.20566
Tanofsky-Kraff, Marian ; Sbrocco, Tracy ; Theim, Kelly R. ; Cohen, L. Adelyn ; MacKey, Eleanor R. ; Stice, Eric ; Henderson, Jennifer L. ; McCreight, Sarah J. ; Bryant, Edny J. ; Stephens, Mark B. / Obesity and the US military family. In: Obesity. 2013 ; Vol. 21, No. 11. pp. 2205-2220.
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abstract = "Objective This review discusses the current knowledge and future directions regarding obesity within the US military family (i.e., active-duty servicemembers, as well as military spouses, children, retirees, and veterans). The increasing rates of overweight and obesity within the US military adversely impact military readiness, limit recruitment, and place a significant financial burden on the Department of Defense. Design and Methods The following topics are reviewed: 1) The prevalence of and the financial, physical, and psychological costs associated with overweight in military communities; 2) military weight regulations, and challenges faced by the military family related to overweight and disordered eating; 3) the continued need for rigorous program evaluations and new intervention development. Results Overweight and its associated sequelae impact the entire military family. Military families share many similarities with their civilian counterparts, but they face unique challenges (e.g., stress related to deployments and relocations). Although the military has weight management resources, there is an urgent need for rigorous program evaluation and the development of enhanced obesity prevention programs across the lifespan of the military family - several of which are proposed herein. Conclusions Interdisciplinary and collaborative research efforts and team-based interventions will continue to inform understanding of obesity treatment and prevention within military and civilian populations.",
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Tanofsky-Kraff, M, Sbrocco, T, Theim, KR, Cohen, LA, MacKey, ER, Stice, E, Henderson, JL, McCreight, SJ, Bryant, EJ & Stephens, MB 2013, 'Obesity and the US military family', Obesity, vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2205-2220. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.20566

Obesity and the US military family. / Tanofsky-Kraff, Marian; Sbrocco, Tracy; Theim, Kelly R.; Cohen, L. Adelyn; MacKey, Eleanor R.; Stice, Eric; Henderson, Jennifer L.; McCreight, Sarah J.; Bryant, Edny J.; Stephens, Mark B.

In: Obesity, Vol. 21, No. 11, 01.11.2013, p. 2205-2220.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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AU - Theim, Kelly R.

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AU - MacKey, Eleanor R.

AU - Stice, Eric

AU - Henderson, Jennifer L.

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AU - Bryant, Edny J.

AU - Stephens, Mark B.

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N2 - Objective This review discusses the current knowledge and future directions regarding obesity within the US military family (i.e., active-duty servicemembers, as well as military spouses, children, retirees, and veterans). The increasing rates of overweight and obesity within the US military adversely impact military readiness, limit recruitment, and place a significant financial burden on the Department of Defense. Design and Methods The following topics are reviewed: 1) The prevalence of and the financial, physical, and psychological costs associated with overweight in military communities; 2) military weight regulations, and challenges faced by the military family related to overweight and disordered eating; 3) the continued need for rigorous program evaluations and new intervention development. Results Overweight and its associated sequelae impact the entire military family. Military families share many similarities with their civilian counterparts, but they face unique challenges (e.g., stress related to deployments and relocations). Although the military has weight management resources, there is an urgent need for rigorous program evaluation and the development of enhanced obesity prevention programs across the lifespan of the military family - several of which are proposed herein. Conclusions Interdisciplinary and collaborative research efforts and team-based interventions will continue to inform understanding of obesity treatment and prevention within military and civilian populations.

AB - Objective This review discusses the current knowledge and future directions regarding obesity within the US military family (i.e., active-duty servicemembers, as well as military spouses, children, retirees, and veterans). The increasing rates of overweight and obesity within the US military adversely impact military readiness, limit recruitment, and place a significant financial burden on the Department of Defense. Design and Methods The following topics are reviewed: 1) The prevalence of and the financial, physical, and psychological costs associated with overweight in military communities; 2) military weight regulations, and challenges faced by the military family related to overweight and disordered eating; 3) the continued need for rigorous program evaluations and new intervention development. Results Overweight and its associated sequelae impact the entire military family. Military families share many similarities with their civilian counterparts, but they face unique challenges (e.g., stress related to deployments and relocations). Although the military has weight management resources, there is an urgent need for rigorous program evaluation and the development of enhanced obesity prevention programs across the lifespan of the military family - several of which are proposed herein. Conclusions Interdisciplinary and collaborative research efforts and team-based interventions will continue to inform understanding of obesity treatment and prevention within military and civilian populations.

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Tanofsky-Kraff M, Sbrocco T, Theim KR, Cohen LA, MacKey ER, Stice E et al. Obesity and the US military family. Obesity. 2013 Nov 1;21(11):2205-2220. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.20566