Obesity in older persons: A crisis in rural america

Gordon Lee Jensen, C. Apovian, K. Kita, J. Fish

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Geisinger Health Care System serves one of the largest concentrations of rural elderly in America. The present study examined the frequency of obesity among free-living older persons enrolling in a managed health care program. A modified Level II Screen (Nutrition Screening Initiative) was completed on more than 3,000 subjects during a required visit at any of more than 50 primary clinic sites. Demographics reveal a young elderly population (70 ± 6.2 years) split nearly evenly between the sexes. Body weights (kg) were 83.9 ± 14.5 and 74.5 ± 15.1 for males and females, respectively. Both sexes tended to overestimate height and underestimate weight. Body mass indices (BMI, kg/m2) were 28.1 ± 4.9 for males and 29.7 ± 5.9 for females. Those exceeding a BMI threshold of 30 kg/m2 were 30% for males and 43% for females. A 4.5 kg weight gain over the preceding 6 months was reported by 7% of males and 11% of females. Since morbid obesity in older persons may be associated with medical comorbidities and functional compromise, it is essential that screening and intervention efforts emphasize these concerns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume10
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 1 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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