Observation of high-energy astrophysical neutrinos in three years of icecube data

M. G. Aartsen, M. Ackermann, J. Adams, J. A. Aguilar, M. Ahlers, M. Ahrens, D. Altmann, T. Anderson, C. Arguelles, T. C. Arlen, J. Auffenberg, X. Bai, S. W. Barwick, V. Baum, J. J. Beatty, J. Becker Tjus, K. H. Becker, S. Benzvi, P. Berghaus, D. BerleyE. Bernardini, A. Bernhard, D. Z. Besson, G. Binder, D. Bindig, M. Bissok, E. Blaufuss, J. Blumenthal, D. J. Boersma, C. Bohm, D. Bose, S. Böser, O. Botner, L. Brayeur, H. P. Bretz, A. M. Brown, J. Casey, M. Casier, D. Chirkin, A. Christov, B. Christy, K. Clark, L. Classen, F. Clevermann, S. Coenders, D. F. Cowen, A. H. Cruz Silva, M. Danninger, J. Daughhetee, J. C. Davis, M. Day, J. P.A.M. De André, C. De Clercq, S. De Ridder, P. Desiati, K. D. De Vries, M. De With, T. Deyoung, J. C. Díaz-Vélez, M. Dunkman, R. Eagan, B. Eberhardt, B. Eichmann, J. Eisch, S. Euler, P. A. Evenson, O. Fadiran, A. R. Fazely, A. Fedynitch, J. Feintzeig, J. Felde, T. Feusels, K. Filimonov, C. Finley, T. Fischer-Wasels, S. Flis, A. Franckowiak, K. Frantzen, T. Fuchs, T. K. Gaisser, J. Gallagher, L. Gerhardt, D. Gier, L. Gladstone, T. Glüsenkamp, A. Goldschmidt, G. Golup, J. G. Gonzalez, J. A. Goodman, D. Góra, D. T. Grandmont, D. Grant, P. Gretskov, J. C. Groh, A. Groß, C. Ha, C. Haack, A. Haj Ismail, P. Hallen, A. Hallgren, F. Halzen, K. Hanson, D. Hebecker, D. Heereman, D. Heinen, K. Helbing, R. Hellauer, D. Hellwig, S. Hickford, G. C. Hill, K. D. Hoffman, R. Hoffmann, A. Homeier, K. Hoshina, F. Huang, W. Huelsnitz, P. O. Hulth, K. Hultqvist, S. Hussain, A. Ishihara, E. Jacobi, J. Jacobsen, K. Jagielski, G. S. Japaridze, K. Jero, O. Jlelati, M. Jurkovic, B. Kaminsky, A. Kappes, T. Karg, A. Karle, M. Kauer, J. L. Kelley, A. Kheirandish, J. Kiryluk, J. Kläs, S. R. Klein, J. H. Köhne, G. Kohnen, H. Kolanoski, A. Koob, L. Köpke, C. Kopper, S. Kopper, D. J. Koskinen, M. Kowalski, A. Kriesten, K. Krings, G. Kroll, J. Kunnen, N. Kurahashi, T. Kuwabara, M. Labare, D. T. Larsen, M. J. Larson, M. Lesiak-Bzdak, M. Leuermann, J. Leute, J. Lünemann, O. MacÍas, J. Madsen, G. Maggi, R. Maruyama, K. Mase, H. S. Matis, F. McNally, K. Meagher, A. Meli, T. Meures, S. Miarecki, E. Middell, E. Middlemas, N. Milke, J. Miller, L. Mohrmann, T. Montaruli, R. Morse, R. Nahnhauer, U. Naumann, H. Niederhausen, S. C. Nowicki, D. R. Nygren, A. Obertacke, S. Odrowski, A. Olivas, A. Omairat, A. O'Murchadha, T. Palczewski, L. Paul, O. Penek, J. A. Pepper, C. Pérez De Los Heros, C. Pfendner, D. Pieloth, E. Pinat, J. Posselt, P. B. Price, G. T. Przybylski, J. Pütz, M. Quinnan, L. Rädel, M. Rameez, K. Rawlins, P. Redl, I. Rees, R. Reimann, E. Resconi, W. Rhode, M. Richman, B. Riedel, S. Robertson, J. P. Rodrigues, M. Rongen, C. Rott, T. Ruhe, B. Ruzybayev, D. Ryckbosch, S. M. Saba, H. G. Sander, M. Santander, S. Sarkar, K. Schatto, F. Scheriau, T. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schoenen, S. Schöneberg, A. Schönwald, A. Schukraft, L. Schulte, O. Schulz, D. Seckel, Y. Sestayo, S. Seunarine, R. Shanidze, C. Sheremata, M. W.E. Smith, D. Soldin, G. M. Spiczak, C. Spiering, M. Stamatikos, T. Stanev, N. A. Stanisha, A. Stasik, T. Stezelberger, R. G. Stokstad, A. Stößl, E. A. Strahler, R. Ström, N. L. Strotjohann, G. W. Sullivan, H. Taavola, I. Taboada, A. Tamburro, A. Tepe, S. Ter-Antonyan, A. Terliuk, G. Tešić, S. Tilav, P. A. Toale, M. N. Tobin, D. Tosi, M. Tselengidou, E. Unger, M. Usner, S. Vallecorsa, N. Van Eijndhoven, J. Vandenbroucke, J. Van Santen, M. Vehring, M. Voge, M. Vraeghe, C. Walck, M. Wallraff, Ch Weaver, M. Wellons, C. Wendt, S. Westerhoff, B. J. Whelan, N. Whitehorn, C. Wichary, K. Wiebe, C. H. Wiebusch, D. R. Williams, H. Wissing, M. Wolf, T. R. Wood, K. Woschnagg, D. L. Xu, X. W. Xu, J. P. Yanez, G. Yodh, S. Yoshida, P. Zarzhitsky, J. Ziemann, S. Zierke, M. Zoll

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Abstract

A search for high-energy neutrinos interacting within the IceCube detector between 2010 and 2012 provided the first evidence for a high-energy neutrino flux of extraterrestrial origin. Results from an analysis using the same methods with a third year (2012-2013) of data from the complete IceCube detector are consistent with the previously reported astrophysical flux in the 100 TeV-PeV range at the level of 10-8GeVcm-2s-1sr-1 per flavor and reject a purely atmospheric explanation for the combined three-year data at 5.7σ. The data are consistent with expectations for equal fluxes of all three neutrino flavors and with isotropic arrival directions, suggesting either numerous or spatially extended sources. The three-year data set, with a live time of 988 days, contains a total of 37 neutrino candidate events with deposited energies ranging from 30 to 2000 TeV. The 2000-TeV event is the highest-energy neutrino interaction ever observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101101
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume113
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2 2014

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astrophysics
neutrinos
energy
detectors
arrivals
interactions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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Aartsen, M. G., Ackermann, M., Adams, J., Aguilar, J. A., Ahlers, M., Ahrens, M., ... Zoll, M. (2014). Observation of high-energy astrophysical neutrinos in three years of icecube data. Physical Review Letters, 113(10), [101101]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.101101
Aartsen, M. G. ; Ackermann, M. ; Adams, J. ; Aguilar, J. A. ; Ahlers, M. ; Ahrens, M. ; Altmann, D. ; Anderson, T. ; Arguelles, C. ; Arlen, T. C. ; Auffenberg, J. ; Bai, X. ; Barwick, S. W. ; Baum, V. ; Beatty, J. J. ; Becker Tjus, J. ; Becker, K. H. ; Benzvi, S. ; Berghaus, P. ; Berley, D. ; Bernardini, E. ; Bernhard, A. ; Besson, D. Z. ; Binder, G. ; Bindig, D. ; Bissok, M. ; Blaufuss, E. ; Blumenthal, J. ; Boersma, D. J. ; Bohm, C. ; Bose, D. ; Böser, S. ; Botner, O. ; Brayeur, L. ; Bretz, H. P. ; Brown, A. M. ; Casey, J. ; Casier, M. ; Chirkin, D. ; Christov, A. ; Christy, B. ; Clark, K. ; Classen, L. ; Clevermann, F. ; Coenders, S. ; Cowen, D. F. ; Cruz Silva, A. H. ; Danninger, M. ; Daughhetee, J. ; Davis, J. C. ; Day, M. ; De André, J. P.A.M. ; De Clercq, C. ; De Ridder, S. ; Desiati, P. ; De Vries, K. D. ; De With, M. ; Deyoung, T. ; Díaz-Vélez, J. C. ; Dunkman, M. ; Eagan, R. ; Eberhardt, B. ; Eichmann, B. ; Eisch, J. ; Euler, S. ; Evenson, P. A. ; Fadiran, O. ; Fazely, A. R. ; Fedynitch, A. ; Feintzeig, J. ; Felde, J. ; Feusels, T. ; Filimonov, K. ; Finley, C. ; Fischer-Wasels, T. ; Flis, S. ; Franckowiak, A. ; Frantzen, K. ; Fuchs, T. ; Gaisser, T. K. ; Gallagher, J. ; Gerhardt, L. ; Gier, D. ; Gladstone, L. ; Glüsenkamp, T. ; Goldschmidt, A. ; Golup, G. ; Gonzalez, J. G. ; Goodman, J. A. ; Góra, D. ; Grandmont, D. T. ; Grant, D. ; Gretskov, P. ; Groh, J. C. ; Groß, A. ; Ha, C. ; Haack, C. ; Haj Ismail, A. ; Hallen, P. ; Hallgren, A. ; Halzen, F. ; Hanson, K. ; Hebecker, D. ; Heereman, D. ; Heinen, D. ; Helbing, K. ; Hellauer, R. ; Hellwig, D. ; Hickford, S. ; Hill, G. C. ; Hoffman, K. D. ; Hoffmann, R. ; Homeier, A. ; Hoshina, K. ; Huang, F. ; Huelsnitz, W. ; Hulth, P. O. ; Hultqvist, K. ; Hussain, S. ; Ishihara, A. ; Jacobi, E. ; Jacobsen, J. ; Jagielski, K. ; Japaridze, G. S. ; Jero, K. ; Jlelati, O. ; Jurkovic, M. ; Kaminsky, B. ; Kappes, A. ; Karg, T. ; Karle, A. ; Kauer, M. ; Kelley, J. L. ; Kheirandish, A. ; Kiryluk, J. ; Kläs, J. ; Klein, S. R. ; Köhne, J. H. ; Kohnen, G. ; Kolanoski, H. ; Koob, A. ; Köpke, L. ; Kopper, C. ; Kopper, S. ; Koskinen, D. J. ; Kowalski, M. ; Kriesten, A. ; Krings, K. ; Kroll, G. ; Kunnen, J. ; Kurahashi, N. ; Kuwabara, T. ; Labare, M. ; Larsen, D. T. ; Larson, M. J. ; Lesiak-Bzdak, M. ; Leuermann, M. ; Leute, J. ; Lünemann, J. ; MacÍas, O. ; Madsen, J. ; Maggi, G. ; Maruyama, R. ; Mase, K. ; Matis, H. S. ; McNally, F. ; Meagher, K. ; Meli, A. ; Meures, T. ; Miarecki, S. ; Middell, E. ; Middlemas, E. ; Milke, N. ; Miller, J. ; Mohrmann, L. ; Montaruli, T. ; Morse, R. ; Nahnhauer, R. ; Naumann, U. ; Niederhausen, H. ; Nowicki, S. C. ; Nygren, D. R. ; Obertacke, A. ; Odrowski, S. ; Olivas, A. ; Omairat, A. ; O'Murchadha, A. ; Palczewski, T. ; Paul, L. ; Penek, O. ; Pepper, J. A. ; Pérez De Los Heros, C. ; Pfendner, C. ; Pieloth, D. ; Pinat, E. ; Posselt, J. ; Price, P. B. ; Przybylski, G. T. ; Pütz, J. ; Quinnan, M. ; Rädel, L. ; Rameez, M. ; Rawlins, K. ; Redl, P. ; Rees, I. ; Reimann, R. ; Resconi, E. ; Rhode, W. ; Richman, M. ; Riedel, B. ; Robertson, S. ; Rodrigues, J. P. ; Rongen, M. ; Rott, C. ; Ruhe, T. ; Ruzybayev, B. ; Ryckbosch, D. ; Saba, S. M. ; Sander, H. G. ; Santander, M. ; Sarkar, S. ; Schatto, K. ; Scheriau, F. ; Schmidt, T. ; Schmitz, M. ; Schoenen, S. ; Schöneberg, S. ; Schönwald, A. ; Schukraft, A. ; Schulte, L. ; Schulz, O. ; Seckel, D. ; Sestayo, Y. ; Seunarine, S. ; Shanidze, R. ; Sheremata, C. ; Smith, M. W.E. ; Soldin, D. ; Spiczak, G. M. ; Spiering, C. ; Stamatikos, M. ; Stanev, T. ; Stanisha, N. A. ; Stasik, A. ; Stezelberger, T. ; Stokstad, R. G. ; Stößl, A. ; Strahler, E. A. ; Ström, R. ; Strotjohann, N. L. ; Sullivan, G. W. ; Taavola, H. ; Taboada, I. ; Tamburro, A. ; Tepe, A. ; Ter-Antonyan, S. ; Terliuk, A. ; Tešić, G. ; Tilav, S. ; Toale, P. A. ; Tobin, M. N. ; Tosi, D. ; Tselengidou, M. ; Unger, E. ; Usner, M. ; Vallecorsa, S. ; Van Eijndhoven, N. ; Vandenbroucke, J. ; Van Santen, J. ; Vehring, M. ; Voge, M. ; Vraeghe, M. ; Walck, C. ; Wallraff, M. ; Weaver, Ch ; Wellons, M. ; Wendt, C. ; Westerhoff, S. ; Whelan, B. J. ; Whitehorn, N. ; Wichary, C. ; Wiebe, K. ; Wiebusch, C. H. ; Williams, D. R. ; Wissing, H. ; Wolf, M. ; Wood, T. R. ; Woschnagg, K. ; Xu, D. L. ; Xu, X. W. ; Yanez, J. P. ; Yodh, G. ; Yoshida, S. ; Zarzhitsky, P. ; Ziemann, J. ; Zierke, S. ; Zoll, M. / Observation of high-energy astrophysical neutrinos in three years of icecube data. In: Physical Review Letters. 2014 ; Vol. 113, No. 10.
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title = "Observation of high-energy astrophysical neutrinos in three years of icecube data",
abstract = "A search for high-energy neutrinos interacting within the IceCube detector between 2010 and 2012 provided the first evidence for a high-energy neutrino flux of extraterrestrial origin. Results from an analysis using the same methods with a third year (2012-2013) of data from the complete IceCube detector are consistent with the previously reported astrophysical flux in the 100 TeV-PeV range at the level of 10-8GeVcm-2s-1sr-1 per flavor and reject a purely atmospheric explanation for the combined three-year data at 5.7σ. The data are consistent with expectations for equal fluxes of all three neutrino flavors and with isotropic arrival directions, suggesting either numerous or spatially extended sources. The three-year data set, with a live time of 988 days, contains a total of 37 neutrino candidate events with deposited energies ranging from 30 to 2000 TeV. The 2000-TeV event is the highest-energy neutrino interaction ever observed.",
author = "Aartsen, {M. G.} and M. Ackermann and J. Adams and Aguilar, {J. A.} and M. Ahlers and M. Ahrens and D. Altmann and T. Anderson and C. Arguelles and Arlen, {T. C.} and J. Auffenberg and X. Bai and Barwick, {S. W.} and V. Baum and Beatty, {J. J.} and {Becker Tjus}, J. and Becker, {K. H.} and S. Benzvi and P. Berghaus and D. Berley and E. Bernardini and A. Bernhard and Besson, {D. Z.} and G. Binder and D. Bindig and M. Bissok and E. Blaufuss and J. Blumenthal and Boersma, {D. J.} and C. Bohm and D. Bose and S. B{\"o}ser and O. Botner and L. Brayeur and Bretz, {H. P.} and Brown, {A. M.} and J. Casey and M. Casier and D. Chirkin and A. Christov and B. Christy and K. Clark and L. Classen and F. Clevermann and S. Coenders and Cowen, {D. F.} and {Cruz Silva}, {A. H.} and M. Danninger and J. Daughhetee and Davis, {J. C.} and M. Day and {De Andr{\'e}}, {J. P.A.M.} and {De Clercq}, C. and {De Ridder}, S. and P. Desiati and {De Vries}, {K. D.} and {De With}, M. and T. Deyoung and D{\'i}az-V{\'e}lez, {J. C.} and M. Dunkman and R. Eagan and B. Eberhardt and B. Eichmann and J. Eisch and S. Euler and Evenson, {P. A.} and O. Fadiran and Fazely, {A. R.} and A. Fedynitch and J. Feintzeig and J. Felde and T. Feusels and K. Filimonov and C. Finley and T. Fischer-Wasels and S. Flis and A. Franckowiak and K. Frantzen and T. Fuchs and Gaisser, {T. K.} and J. Gallagher and L. Gerhardt and D. Gier and L. Gladstone and T. Gl{\"u}senkamp and A. Goldschmidt and G. Golup and Gonzalez, {J. G.} and Goodman, {J. A.} and D. G{\'o}ra and Grandmont, {D. T.} and D. Grant and P. Gretskov and Groh, {J. C.} and A. Gro{\ss} and C. Ha and C. Haack and {Haj Ismail}, A. and P. Hallen and A. Hallgren and F. Halzen and K. Hanson and D. Hebecker and D. Heereman and D. Heinen and K. Helbing and R. Hellauer and D. Hellwig and S. Hickford and Hill, {G. C.} and Hoffman, {K. D.} and R. Hoffmann and A. Homeier and K. Hoshina and F. Huang and W. Huelsnitz and Hulth, {P. O.} and K. Hultqvist and S. Hussain and A. Ishihara and E. Jacobi and J. Jacobsen and K. Jagielski and Japaridze, {G. S.} and K. Jero and O. Jlelati and M. Jurkovic and B. Kaminsky and A. Kappes and T. Karg and A. Karle and M. Kauer and Kelley, {J. L.} and A. Kheirandish and J. Kiryluk and J. Kl{\"a}s and Klein, {S. R.} and K{\"o}hne, {J. H.} and G. Kohnen and H. Kolanoski and A. Koob and L. K{\"o}pke and C. Kopper and S. Kopper and Koskinen, {D. J.} and M. Kowalski and A. Kriesten and K. Krings and G. Kroll and J. Kunnen and N. Kurahashi and T. Kuwabara and M. Labare and Larsen, {D. T.} and Larson, {M. J.} and M. Lesiak-Bzdak and M. Leuermann and J. Leute and J. L{\"u}nemann and O. Mac{\'I}as and J. Madsen and G. Maggi and R. Maruyama and K. Mase and Matis, {H. S.} and F. McNally and K. Meagher and A. Meli and T. Meures and S. Miarecki and E. Middell and E. Middlemas and N. Milke and J. Miller and L. Mohrmann and T. Montaruli and R. Morse and R. Nahnhauer and U. Naumann and H. Niederhausen and Nowicki, {S. C.} and Nygren, {D. R.} and A. Obertacke and S. Odrowski and A. Olivas and A. Omairat and A. O'Murchadha and T. Palczewski and L. Paul and O. Penek and Pepper, {J. A.} and {P{\'e}rez De Los Heros}, C. and C. Pfendner and D. Pieloth and E. Pinat and J. Posselt and Price, {P. B.} and Przybylski, {G. T.} and J. P{\"u}tz and M. Quinnan and L. R{\"a}del and M. Rameez and K. Rawlins and P. Redl and I. Rees and R. Reimann and E. Resconi and W. Rhode and M. Richman and B. Riedel and S. Robertson and Rodrigues, {J. P.} and M. Rongen and C. Rott and T. Ruhe and B. Ruzybayev and D. Ryckbosch and Saba, {S. M.} and Sander, {H. G.} and M. Santander and S. Sarkar and K. Schatto and F. Scheriau and T. Schmidt and M. Schmitz and S. Schoenen and S. Sch{\"o}neberg and A. Sch{\"o}nwald and A. Schukraft and L. Schulte and O. Schulz and D. Seckel and Y. Sestayo and S. Seunarine and R. Shanidze and C. Sheremata and Smith, {M. W.E.} and D. Soldin and Spiczak, {G. M.} and C. Spiering and M. Stamatikos and T. Stanev and Stanisha, {N. A.} and A. Stasik and T. Stezelberger and Stokstad, {R. G.} and A. St{\"o}{\ss}l and Strahler, {E. A.} and R. Str{\"o}m and Strotjohann, {N. L.} and Sullivan, {G. W.} and H. Taavola and I. Taboada and A. Tamburro and A. Tepe and S. Ter-Antonyan and A. Terliuk and G. Tešić and S. Tilav and Toale, {P. A.} and Tobin, {M. N.} and D. Tosi and M. Tselengidou and E. Unger and M. Usner and S. Vallecorsa and {Van Eijndhoven}, N. and J. Vandenbroucke and {Van Santen}, J. and M. Vehring and M. Voge and M. Vraeghe and C. Walck and M. Wallraff and Ch Weaver and M. Wellons and C. Wendt and S. Westerhoff and Whelan, {B. J.} and N. Whitehorn and C. Wichary and K. Wiebe and Wiebusch, {C. H.} and Williams, {D. R.} and H. Wissing and M. Wolf and Wood, {T. R.} and K. Woschnagg and Xu, {D. L.} and Xu, {X. W.} and Yanez, {J. P.} and G. Yodh and S. Yoshida and P. Zarzhitsky and J. Ziemann and S. Zierke and M. Zoll",
year = "2014",
month = "9",
day = "2",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.101101",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "113",
journal = "Physical Review Letters",
issn = "0031-9007",
publisher = "American Physical Society",
number = "10",

}

Aartsen, MG, Ackermann, M, Adams, J, Aguilar, JA, Ahlers, M, Ahrens, M, Altmann, D, Anderson, T, Arguelles, C, Arlen, TC, Auffenberg, J, Bai, X, Barwick, SW, Baum, V, Beatty, JJ, Becker Tjus, J, Becker, KH, Benzvi, S, Berghaus, P, Berley, D, Bernardini, E, Bernhard, A, Besson, DZ, Binder, G, Bindig, D, Bissok, M, Blaufuss, E, Blumenthal, J, Boersma, DJ, Bohm, C, Bose, D, Böser, S, Botner, O, Brayeur, L, Bretz, HP, Brown, AM, Casey, J, Casier, M, Chirkin, D, Christov, A, Christy, B, Clark, K, Classen, L, Clevermann, F, Coenders, S, Cowen, DF, Cruz Silva, AH, Danninger, M, Daughhetee, J, Davis, JC, Day, M, De André, JPAM, De Clercq, C, De Ridder, S, Desiati, P, De Vries, KD, De With, M, Deyoung, T, Díaz-Vélez, JC, Dunkman, M, Eagan, R, Eberhardt, B, Eichmann, B, Eisch, J, Euler, S, Evenson, PA, Fadiran, O, Fazely, AR, Fedynitch, A, Feintzeig, J, Felde, J, Feusels, T, Filimonov, K, Finley, C, Fischer-Wasels, T, Flis, S, Franckowiak, A, Frantzen, K, Fuchs, T, Gaisser, TK, Gallagher, J, Gerhardt, L, Gier, D, Gladstone, L, Glüsenkamp, T, Goldschmidt, A, Golup, G, Gonzalez, JG, Goodman, JA, Góra, D, Grandmont, DT, Grant, D, Gretskov, P, Groh, JC, Groß, A, Ha, C, Haack, C, Haj Ismail, A, Hallen, P, Hallgren, A, Halzen, F, Hanson, K, Hebecker, D, Heereman, D, Heinen, D, Helbing, K, Hellauer, R, Hellwig, D, Hickford, S, Hill, GC, Hoffman, KD, Hoffmann, R, Homeier, A, Hoshina, K, Huang, F, Huelsnitz, W, Hulth, PO, Hultqvist, K, Hussain, S, Ishihara, A, Jacobi, E, Jacobsen, J, Jagielski, K, Japaridze, GS, Jero, K, Jlelati, O, Jurkovic, M, Kaminsky, B, Kappes, A, Karg, T, Karle, A, Kauer, M, Kelley, JL, Kheirandish, A, Kiryluk, J, Kläs, J, Klein, SR, Köhne, JH, Kohnen, G, Kolanoski, H, Koob, A, Köpke, L, Kopper, C, Kopper, S, Koskinen, DJ, Kowalski, M, Kriesten, A, Krings, K, Kroll, G, Kunnen, J, Kurahashi, N, Kuwabara, T, Labare, M, Larsen, DT, Larson, MJ, Lesiak-Bzdak, M, Leuermann, M, Leute, J, Lünemann, J, MacÍas, O, Madsen, J, Maggi, G, Maruyama, R, Mase, K, Matis, HS, McNally, F, Meagher, K, Meli, A, Meures, T, Miarecki, S, Middell, E, Middlemas, E, Milke, N, Miller, J, Mohrmann, L, Montaruli, T, Morse, R, Nahnhauer, R, Naumann, U, Niederhausen, H, Nowicki, SC, Nygren, DR, Obertacke, A, Odrowski, S, Olivas, A, Omairat, A, O'Murchadha, A, Palczewski, T, Paul, L, Penek, O, Pepper, JA, Pérez De Los Heros, C, Pfendner, C, Pieloth, D, Pinat, E, Posselt, J, Price, PB, Przybylski, GT, Pütz, J, Quinnan, M, Rädel, L, Rameez, M, Rawlins, K, Redl, P, Rees, I, Reimann, R, Resconi, E, Rhode, W, Richman, M, Riedel, B, Robertson, S, Rodrigues, JP, Rongen, M, Rott, C, Ruhe, T, Ruzybayev, B, Ryckbosch, D, Saba, SM, Sander, HG, Santander, M, Sarkar, S, Schatto, K, Scheriau, F, Schmidt, T, Schmitz, M, Schoenen, S, Schöneberg, S, Schönwald, A, Schukraft, A, Schulte, L, Schulz, O, Seckel, D, Sestayo, Y, Seunarine, S, Shanidze, R, Sheremata, C, Smith, MWE, Soldin, D, Spiczak, GM, Spiering, C, Stamatikos, M, Stanev, T, Stanisha, NA, Stasik, A, Stezelberger, T, Stokstad, RG, Stößl, A, Strahler, EA, Ström, R, Strotjohann, NL, Sullivan, GW, Taavola, H, Taboada, I, Tamburro, A, Tepe, A, Ter-Antonyan, S, Terliuk, A, Tešić, G, Tilav, S, Toale, PA, Tobin, MN, Tosi, D, Tselengidou, M, Unger, E, Usner, M, Vallecorsa, S, Van Eijndhoven, N, Vandenbroucke, J, Van Santen, J, Vehring, M, Voge, M, Vraeghe, M, Walck, C, Wallraff, M, Weaver, C, Wellons, M, Wendt, C, Westerhoff, S, Whelan, BJ, Whitehorn, N, Wichary, C, Wiebe, K, Wiebusch, CH, Williams, DR, Wissing, H, Wolf, M, Wood, TR, Woschnagg, K, Xu, DL, Xu, XW, Yanez, JP, Yodh, G, Yoshida, S, Zarzhitsky, P, Ziemann, J, Zierke, S & Zoll, M 2014, 'Observation of high-energy astrophysical neutrinos in three years of icecube data', Physical Review Letters, vol. 113, no. 10, 101101. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.101101

Observation of high-energy astrophysical neutrinos in three years of icecube data. / Aartsen, M. G.; Ackermann, M.; Adams, J.; Aguilar, J. A.; Ahlers, M.; Ahrens, M.; Altmann, D.; Anderson, T.; Arguelles, C.; Arlen, T. C.; Auffenberg, J.; Bai, X.; Barwick, S. W.; Baum, V.; Beatty, J. J.; Becker Tjus, J.; Becker, K. H.; Benzvi, S.; Berghaus, P.; Berley, D.; Bernardini, E.; Bernhard, A.; Besson, D. Z.; Binder, G.; Bindig, D.; Bissok, M.; Blaufuss, E.; Blumenthal, J.; Boersma, D. J.; Bohm, C.; Bose, D.; Böser, S.; Botner, O.; Brayeur, L.; Bretz, H. P.; Brown, A. M.; Casey, J.; Casier, M.; Chirkin, D.; Christov, A.; Christy, B.; Clark, K.; Classen, L.; Clevermann, F.; Coenders, S.; Cowen, D. F.; Cruz Silva, A. H.; Danninger, M.; Daughhetee, J.; Davis, J. C.; Day, M.; De André, J. P.A.M.; De Clercq, C.; De Ridder, S.; Desiati, P.; De Vries, K. D.; De With, M.; Deyoung, T.; Díaz-Vélez, J. C.; Dunkman, M.; Eagan, R.; Eberhardt, B.; Eichmann, B.; Eisch, J.; Euler, S.; Evenson, P. A.; Fadiran, O.; Fazely, A. R.; Fedynitch, A.; Feintzeig, J.; Felde, J.; Feusels, T.; Filimonov, K.; Finley, C.; Fischer-Wasels, T.; Flis, S.; Franckowiak, A.; Frantzen, K.; Fuchs, T.; Gaisser, T. K.; Gallagher, J.; Gerhardt, L.; Gier, D.; Gladstone, L.; Glüsenkamp, T.; Goldschmidt, A.; Golup, G.; Gonzalez, J. G.; Goodman, J. A.; Góra, D.; Grandmont, D. T.; Grant, D.; Gretskov, P.; Groh, J. C.; Groß, A.; Ha, C.; Haack, C.; Haj Ismail, A.; Hallen, P.; Hallgren, A.; Halzen, F.; Hanson, K.; Hebecker, D.; Heereman, D.; Heinen, D.; Helbing, K.; Hellauer, R.; Hellwig, D.; Hickford, S.; Hill, G. C.; Hoffman, K. D.; Hoffmann, R.; Homeier, A.; Hoshina, K.; Huang, F.; Huelsnitz, W.; Hulth, P. O.; Hultqvist, K.; Hussain, S.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobi, E.; Jacobsen, J.; Jagielski, K.; Japaridze, G. S.; Jero, K.; Jlelati, O.; Jurkovic, M.; Kaminsky, B.; Kappes, A.; Karg, T.; Karle, A.; Kauer, M.; Kelley, J. L.; Kheirandish, A.; Kiryluk, J.; Kläs, J.; Klein, S. R.; Köhne, J. H.; Kohnen, G.; Kolanoski, H.; Koob, A.; Köpke, L.; Kopper, C.; Kopper, S.; Koskinen, D. J.; Kowalski, M.; Kriesten, A.; Krings, K.; Kroll, G.; Kunnen, J.; Kurahashi, N.; Kuwabara, T.; Labare, M.; Larsen, D. T.; Larson, M. J.; Lesiak-Bzdak, M.; Leuermann, M.; Leute, J.; Lünemann, J.; MacÍas, O.; Madsen, J.; Maggi, G.; Maruyama, R.; Mase, K.; Matis, H. S.; McNally, F.; Meagher, K.; Meli, A.; Meures, T.; Miarecki, S.; Middell, E.; Middlemas, E.; Milke, N.; Miller, J.; Mohrmann, L.; Montaruli, T.; Morse, R.; Nahnhauer, R.; Naumann, U.; Niederhausen, H.; Nowicki, S. C.; Nygren, D. R.; Obertacke, A.; Odrowski, S.; Olivas, A.; Omairat, A.; O'Murchadha, A.; Palczewski, T.; Paul, L.; Penek, O.; Pepper, J. A.; Pérez De Los Heros, C.; Pfendner, C.; Pieloth, D.; Pinat, E.; Posselt, J.; Price, P. B.; Przybylski, G. T.; Pütz, J.; Quinnan, M.; Rädel, L.; Rameez, M.; Rawlins, K.; Redl, P.; Rees, I.; Reimann, R.; Resconi, E.; Rhode, W.; Richman, M.; Riedel, B.; Robertson, S.; Rodrigues, J. P.; Rongen, M.; Rott, C.; Ruhe, T.; Ruzybayev, B.; Ryckbosch, D.; Saba, S. M.; Sander, H. G.; Santander, M.; Sarkar, S.; Schatto, K.; Scheriau, F.; Schmidt, T.; Schmitz, M.; Schoenen, S.; Schöneberg, S.; Schönwald, A.; Schukraft, A.; Schulte, L.; Schulz, O.; Seckel, D.; Sestayo, Y.; Seunarine, S.; Shanidze, R.; Sheremata, C.; Smith, M. W.E.; Soldin, D.; Spiczak, G. M.; Spiering, C.; Stamatikos, M.; Stanev, T.; Stanisha, N. A.; Stasik, A.; Stezelberger, T.; Stokstad, R. G.; Stößl, A.; Strahler, E. A.; Ström, R.; Strotjohann, N. L.; Sullivan, G. W.; Taavola, H.; Taboada, I.; Tamburro, A.; Tepe, A.; Ter-Antonyan, S.; Terliuk, A.; Tešić, G.; Tilav, S.; Toale, P. A.; Tobin, M. N.; Tosi, D.; Tselengidou, M.; Unger, E.; Usner, M.; Vallecorsa, S.; Van Eijndhoven, N.; Vandenbroucke, J.; Van Santen, J.; Vehring, M.; Voge, M.; Vraeghe, M.; Walck, C.; Wallraff, M.; Weaver, Ch; Wellons, M.; Wendt, C.; Westerhoff, S.; Whelan, B. J.; Whitehorn, N.; Wichary, C.; Wiebe, K.; Wiebusch, C. H.; Williams, D. R.; Wissing, H.; Wolf, M.; Wood, T. R.; Woschnagg, K.; Xu, D. L.; Xu, X. W.; Yanez, J. P.; Yodh, G.; Yoshida, S.; Zarzhitsky, P.; Ziemann, J.; Zierke, S.; Zoll, M.

In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 113, No. 10, 101101, 02.09.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Observation of high-energy astrophysical neutrinos in three years of icecube data

AU - Aartsen, M. G.

AU - Ackermann, M.

AU - Adams, J.

AU - Aguilar, J. A.

AU - Ahlers, M.

AU - Ahrens, M.

AU - Altmann, D.

AU - Anderson, T.

AU - Arguelles, C.

AU - Arlen, T. C.

AU - Auffenberg, J.

AU - Bai, X.

AU - Barwick, S. W.

AU - Baum, V.

AU - Beatty, J. J.

AU - Becker Tjus, J.

AU - Becker, K. H.

AU - Benzvi, S.

AU - Berghaus, P.

AU - Berley, D.

AU - Bernardini, E.

AU - Bernhard, A.

AU - Besson, D. Z.

AU - Binder, G.

AU - Bindig, D.

AU - Bissok, M.

AU - Blaufuss, E.

AU - Blumenthal, J.

AU - Boersma, D. J.

AU - Bohm, C.

AU - Bose, D.

AU - Böser, S.

AU - Botner, O.

AU - Brayeur, L.

AU - Bretz, H. P.

AU - Brown, A. M.

AU - Casey, J.

AU - Casier, M.

AU - Chirkin, D.

AU - Christov, A.

AU - Christy, B.

AU - Clark, K.

AU - Classen, L.

AU - Clevermann, F.

AU - Coenders, S.

AU - Cowen, D. F.

AU - Cruz Silva, A. H.

AU - Danninger, M.

AU - Daughhetee, J.

AU - Davis, J. C.

AU - Day, M.

AU - De André, J. P.A.M.

AU - De Clercq, C.

AU - De Ridder, S.

AU - Desiati, P.

AU - De Vries, K. D.

AU - De With, M.

AU - Deyoung, T.

AU - Díaz-Vélez, J. C.

AU - Dunkman, M.

AU - Eagan, R.

AU - Eberhardt, B.

AU - Eichmann, B.

AU - Eisch, J.

AU - Euler, S.

AU - Evenson, P. A.

AU - Fadiran, O.

AU - Fazely, A. R.

AU - Fedynitch, A.

AU - Feintzeig, J.

AU - Felde, J.

AU - Feusels, T.

AU - Filimonov, K.

AU - Finley, C.

AU - Fischer-Wasels, T.

AU - Flis, S.

AU - Franckowiak, A.

AU - Frantzen, K.

AU - Fuchs, T.

AU - Gaisser, T. K.

AU - Gallagher, J.

AU - Gerhardt, L.

AU - Gier, D.

AU - Gladstone, L.

AU - Glüsenkamp, T.

AU - Goldschmidt, A.

AU - Golup, G.

AU - Gonzalez, J. G.

AU - Goodman, J. A.

AU - Góra, D.

AU - Grandmont, D. T.

AU - Grant, D.

AU - Gretskov, P.

AU - Groh, J. C.

AU - Groß, A.

AU - Ha, C.

AU - Haack, C.

AU - Haj Ismail, A.

AU - Hallen, P.

AU - Hallgren, A.

AU - Halzen, F.

AU - Hanson, K.

AU - Hebecker, D.

AU - Heereman, D.

AU - Heinen, D.

AU - Helbing, K.

AU - Hellauer, R.

AU - Hellwig, D.

AU - Hickford, S.

AU - Hill, G. C.

AU - Hoffman, K. D.

AU - Hoffmann, R.

AU - Homeier, A.

AU - Hoshina, K.

AU - Huang, F.

AU - Huelsnitz, W.

AU - Hulth, P. O.

AU - Hultqvist, K.

AU - Hussain, S.

AU - Ishihara, A.

AU - Jacobi, E.

AU - Jacobsen, J.

AU - Jagielski, K.

AU - Japaridze, G. S.

AU - Jero, K.

AU - Jlelati, O.

AU - Jurkovic, M.

AU - Kaminsky, B.

AU - Kappes, A.

AU - Karg, T.

AU - Karle, A.

AU - Kauer, M.

AU - Kelley, J. L.

AU - Kheirandish, A.

AU - Kiryluk, J.

AU - Kläs, J.

AU - Klein, S. R.

AU - Köhne, J. H.

AU - Kohnen, G.

AU - Kolanoski, H.

AU - Koob, A.

AU - Köpke, L.

AU - Kopper, C.

AU - Kopper, S.

AU - Koskinen, D. J.

AU - Kowalski, M.

AU - Kriesten, A.

AU - Krings, K.

AU - Kroll, G.

AU - Kunnen, J.

AU - Kurahashi, N.

AU - Kuwabara, T.

AU - Labare, M.

AU - Larsen, D. T.

AU - Larson, M. J.

AU - Lesiak-Bzdak, M.

AU - Leuermann, M.

AU - Leute, J.

AU - Lünemann, J.

AU - MacÍas, O.

AU - Madsen, J.

AU - Maggi, G.

AU - Maruyama, R.

AU - Mase, K.

AU - Matis, H. S.

AU - McNally, F.

AU - Meagher, K.

AU - Meli, A.

AU - Meures, T.

AU - Miarecki, S.

AU - Middell, E.

AU - Middlemas, E.

AU - Milke, N.

AU - Miller, J.

AU - Mohrmann, L.

AU - Montaruli, T.

AU - Morse, R.

AU - Nahnhauer, R.

AU - Naumann, U.

AU - Niederhausen, H.

AU - Nowicki, S. C.

AU - Nygren, D. R.

AU - Obertacke, A.

AU - Odrowski, S.

AU - Olivas, A.

AU - Omairat, A.

AU - O'Murchadha, A.

AU - Palczewski, T.

AU - Paul, L.

AU - Penek, O.

AU - Pepper, J. A.

AU - Pérez De Los Heros, C.

AU - Pfendner, C.

AU - Pieloth, D.

AU - Pinat, E.

AU - Posselt, J.

AU - Price, P. B.

AU - Przybylski, G. T.

AU - Pütz, J.

AU - Quinnan, M.

AU - Rädel, L.

AU - Rameez, M.

AU - Rawlins, K.

AU - Redl, P.

AU - Rees, I.

AU - Reimann, R.

AU - Resconi, E.

AU - Rhode, W.

AU - Richman, M.

AU - Riedel, B.

AU - Robertson, S.

AU - Rodrigues, J. P.

AU - Rongen, M.

AU - Rott, C.

AU - Ruhe, T.

AU - Ruzybayev, B.

AU - Ryckbosch, D.

AU - Saba, S. M.

AU - Sander, H. G.

AU - Santander, M.

AU - Sarkar, S.

AU - Schatto, K.

AU - Scheriau, F.

AU - Schmidt, T.

AU - Schmitz, M.

AU - Schoenen, S.

AU - Schöneberg, S.

AU - Schönwald, A.

AU - Schukraft, A.

AU - Schulte, L.

AU - Schulz, O.

AU - Seckel, D.

AU - Sestayo, Y.

AU - Seunarine, S.

AU - Shanidze, R.

AU - Sheremata, C.

AU - Smith, M. W.E.

AU - Soldin, D.

AU - Spiczak, G. M.

AU - Spiering, C.

AU - Stamatikos, M.

AU - Stanev, T.

AU - Stanisha, N. A.

AU - Stasik, A.

AU - Stezelberger, T.

AU - Stokstad, R. G.

AU - Stößl, A.

AU - Strahler, E. A.

AU - Ström, R.

AU - Strotjohann, N. L.

AU - Sullivan, G. W.

AU - Taavola, H.

AU - Taboada, I.

AU - Tamburro, A.

AU - Tepe, A.

AU - Ter-Antonyan, S.

AU - Terliuk, A.

AU - Tešić, G.

AU - Tilav, S.

AU - Toale, P. A.

AU - Tobin, M. N.

AU - Tosi, D.

AU - Tselengidou, M.

AU - Unger, E.

AU - Usner, M.

AU - Vallecorsa, S.

AU - Van Eijndhoven, N.

AU - Vandenbroucke, J.

AU - Van Santen, J.

AU - Vehring, M.

AU - Voge, M.

AU - Vraeghe, M.

AU - Walck, C.

AU - Wallraff, M.

AU - Weaver, Ch

AU - Wellons, M.

AU - Wendt, C.

AU - Westerhoff, S.

AU - Whelan, B. J.

AU - Whitehorn, N.

AU - Wichary, C.

AU - Wiebe, K.

AU - Wiebusch, C. H.

AU - Williams, D. R.

AU - Wissing, H.

AU - Wolf, M.

AU - Wood, T. R.

AU - Woschnagg, K.

AU - Xu, D. L.

AU - Xu, X. W.

AU - Yanez, J. P.

AU - Yodh, G.

AU - Yoshida, S.

AU - Zarzhitsky, P.

AU - Ziemann, J.

AU - Zierke, S.

AU - Zoll, M.

PY - 2014/9/2

Y1 - 2014/9/2

N2 - A search for high-energy neutrinos interacting within the IceCube detector between 2010 and 2012 provided the first evidence for a high-energy neutrino flux of extraterrestrial origin. Results from an analysis using the same methods with a third year (2012-2013) of data from the complete IceCube detector are consistent with the previously reported astrophysical flux in the 100 TeV-PeV range at the level of 10-8GeVcm-2s-1sr-1 per flavor and reject a purely atmospheric explanation for the combined three-year data at 5.7σ. The data are consistent with expectations for equal fluxes of all three neutrino flavors and with isotropic arrival directions, suggesting either numerous or spatially extended sources. The three-year data set, with a live time of 988 days, contains a total of 37 neutrino candidate events with deposited energies ranging from 30 to 2000 TeV. The 2000-TeV event is the highest-energy neutrino interaction ever observed.

AB - A search for high-energy neutrinos interacting within the IceCube detector between 2010 and 2012 provided the first evidence for a high-energy neutrino flux of extraterrestrial origin. Results from an analysis using the same methods with a third year (2012-2013) of data from the complete IceCube detector are consistent with the previously reported astrophysical flux in the 100 TeV-PeV range at the level of 10-8GeVcm-2s-1sr-1 per flavor and reject a purely atmospheric explanation for the combined three-year data at 5.7σ. The data are consistent with expectations for equal fluxes of all three neutrino flavors and with isotropic arrival directions, suggesting either numerous or spatially extended sources. The three-year data set, with a live time of 988 days, contains a total of 37 neutrino candidate events with deposited energies ranging from 30 to 2000 TeV. The 2000-TeV event is the highest-energy neutrino interaction ever observed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84907215917&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84907215917&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.101101

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.101101

M3 - Article

C2 - 25238345

AN - SCOPUS:84907215917

VL - 113

JO - Physical Review Letters

JF - Physical Review Letters

SN - 0031-9007

IS - 10

M1 - 101101

ER -

Aartsen MG, Ackermann M, Adams J, Aguilar JA, Ahlers M, Ahrens M et al. Observation of high-energy astrophysical neutrinos in three years of icecube data. Physical Review Letters. 2014 Sep 2;113(10). 101101. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.101101