The electronic structure and spin magnetism for few-layer-graphene nanoribbons synthesized by chemical vapor deposition have been investigated using near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) and electron-spin resonance (ESR). For the pristine sample, a prepeak was observed below the π* peak close to the Fermi level in NEXAFS, indicating the presence of additional electronic states close to the Fermi level. The intensity of this prepeak decreased with increasing annealing temperature and disappeared after annealing above 1500°C. The ESR spectra, which proved the presence of localized spins, tracked the annealing-temperature-dependent behavior of the prepeak with fidelity. The NEXAFS and ESR results jointly confirm the existence of a magnetic edge state that originates from open nanographene edges. The disappearance of the edge state after annealing at higher temperatures is explained by the decrease in the population of open edges owing to loop formation of adjacent graphene edges.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Jun 22 2010|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics