Objective:To evaluate cerebral hemodynamics during dopamine treatment in hypotensive (mean arterial blood pressure (MABP)<gestational age) extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants.Study Design:Continuous monitoring of cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFv), MABP and PCO 2 was performed in hypotensive ELBW infants on the first day of life, beginning with an ∼15-min baseline reading and continued during advancing dopamine infusion until MABP was optimized. Physiological variables and CBFv reactivity were compared before and after MABP was optimized.Result:Fifteen hypotensive ELBW infants (625±174 g; 24 (23 to 24.8) weeks) were studied. Mean CBFv increased from 10.9±3.7 to 15.7±5.7 cm s -1 (P=0.001) simultaneously as MABP increased from 22.3±2.8 to 35.2±9.7 mm Hg (P<0.001). Mean CBFv reactivity (95% confidence interval (CI)) was 3.9 (1.6 to 6.2) %mm Hg -1. Nine infants died and/or developed severe intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH).Conclusion:Mean CBFv increased pressure-passively as MABP was optimized by dopamine treatment in very sick hypotensive ELBW infants on the first day of life.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynecology