A quantitative method of analysis for 2-aminoethylphosphonic acid (AEP) was developed using reverse-phase HPLC. The detection limit for AEP was 15 nM, and the detector response (peak area) was linear from AEP levels up to 100 microM (R = .99). Mean recovery of AEP added to strained ruminal fluid from faunated sheep was 98.2%. When AEP was added to a fermentation mixture at a concentration of 22.6 micrograms/ml, 78% disappeared during a 24-h incubation. 2-Aminoethylphosphonic acid was readily detected in preparations of mixed ruminal ciliate protozoa as well as in mixed and pure strains of ruminal bacteria, feedstuffs, and ruminal fluid and duodenal digesta from defaunated sheep. The occurrence of AEP in feed and bacterial hydrolysates was confirmed by organic phosphorus analyses. The concentration of AEP in mixed ruminal protozoa was three times greater than its concentration in mixed ruminal bacteria (4,304 vs 1,383 micrograms/g DM, respectively). The AEP values for pure ruminal bacterial cultures ranged from 733 micrograms/g DM in Bacteroides succinogenes B21a to 1,166 micrograms/g DM in Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens H17c. Ruminal fluid and duodenal digesta from defaunated sheep contained AEP concentrations of 30 micrograms/ml and 90 micrograms/g DM, respectively. The concentration of AEP in feedstuffs ranged from 25 micrograms/g DM in wheat straw to 263 micrograms/g DM in oats. Because AEP occurrence is not limited to ruminal ciliate protozoa, it is of little value as a marker for protozoal presence in or passage out of the rumen.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science
- Animal Science and Zoology