Common to the types of surgery that are effective for the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is reactivation of herpes simplex virus (HSV). It is likely that such HSV reactivation following surgery indicates altered trigeminal ganglion neuron function, which was caused by the surgery. It is not thought that HSV infection is related to the cause of TN or that HSV reactivation is important for surgical treatment efficacy. Rather, it is thought that HSV reactivation is a marker of altered trigeminal ganglion neuron function resulting from the TN surgery. It is suggested that HSV reactivation is a surrogate marker of ganglion neuron injury. The correlation between effective types of surgery and evidence that they alter ganglion neuron function suggests that altered trigeminal ganglion neuron function may be the basis of the surgical efficacy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology