Thermodynamics is a science concerning the state of a system, whether it is stable, metastable or unstable, when interacting with the surroundings. Computational thermodynamics enables quantitative calculations of thermodynamic properties as a function of both external conditions and internal configurations, in terms of first and second derivatives of energy with respect to either potentials or molar quantities. Thermodynamic modeling based on the CALPHAD method enables the thermodynamics beyond stable states and is the foundation of Materials Genome and materials design. In last several decades, first-principles calculations based on density functional theory have provided invaluable thermochemical data to improve the robustness of CALPHAD modeling. Today with ever increasing computing power and large amount of data repositories online, it calls for a new paradigm for CALPHAD modeling approach incorporating machine learning to create a sustainable ecosystem for the ocean of data and for emergent behaviors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry