A formalism based on real octonions is developed in order to construct an octonionic Hilbert space for the description of colored quark states. The various possible forms of scalar products and related scalars are discussed. The choice of a direction in the space of octonion units leads naturally to a representation of the Poincaré group in terms of complex scalar products and complex scalars. The remaining octonion directions span the color degrees of freedom for quarks and anti-quarks. In such a Hilbert space, product states associated with color singlets are shown to form a physical quantum mechanical Hilbert space for the description of hadrons. Color triplets, on the other hand, correspond to unobservable parafermion states of order three.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Mathematical Physics|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1975|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics