Objective: Long-term survival after off-pump surgery in patients with low ejection fraction was investigated. Methods: Three hundred forty-six patients with ejection fraction 30% or less with isolated off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB) were compared with a propensity matched historical group operated on-pump (ONCAB) and with data from literature after percutaneous coronary intervention and OPCAB surgery. Results: The lower invasiveness of OPCAB contributed to a significantly better 30-day survival, shorter postoperative length of stay, and fewer in-hospital complications. Incomplete revascularization of the posterior and lateral territories of the heart correlated with higher 1-year mortality. The probability of survival for 8 years after OPCAB was 50.1% (n = 76) versus 49.7% (n = 82) for ONCAB without comparable data from literature for OPCAB or percutaneous coronary intervention in these high-risk patients. Conclusions: OPCAB surgery in patients with low ejection fraction is a viable alternative but so far without demonstrable long-term survival advantage to ONCAB.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2010|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine