Older adults' associative memory is modified by manner of presentation at encoding and retrieval

Amy A. Overman, John M. McCormick-Huhn, Nancy Anne Coulter Dennis, Joanna M. Salerno, Alexandra P. Giglio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Relative to young adults, older adults typically exhibit a reduced ability to accurately remember associations between stimuli. Prior research has assumed that this age-related memory impairment affects different types of associations similarly. However, research in young adults has suggested that item-item and item- context associations are supported by different underlying neural mechanisms that could be unequally affected by aging. This experiment compared memory across association types in younger and older adults by presenting the same types of stimuli as either item-item or item- context pairs. Manner of presentation during retrieval was also manipulated so that pairs were presented in a manner that was either congruent or incongruent with their presentation during encoding. Older adults showed a particular benefit of encoding-retrieval congruency for item- context associations, supporting the idea that the associative deficit may be reduced by unitization at encoding and reinstatement of this prior stimulus configuration at retrieval.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)82-92
Number of pages11
JournalPsychology and aging
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2018

Fingerprint

Young Adult
Aptitude
Research

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Overman, Amy A. ; McCormick-Huhn, John M. ; Dennis, Nancy Anne Coulter ; Salerno, Joanna M. ; Giglio, Alexandra P. / Older adults' associative memory is modified by manner of presentation at encoding and retrieval. In: Psychology and aging. 2018 ; Vol. 33, No. 1. pp. 82-92.
@article{4c399f3b5926486c9795ddf7247135ae,
title = "Older adults' associative memory is modified by manner of presentation at encoding and retrieval",
abstract = "Relative to young adults, older adults typically exhibit a reduced ability to accurately remember associations between stimuli. Prior research has assumed that this age-related memory impairment affects different types of associations similarly. However, research in young adults has suggested that item-item and item- context associations are supported by different underlying neural mechanisms that could be unequally affected by aging. This experiment compared memory across association types in younger and older adults by presenting the same types of stimuli as either item-item or item- context pairs. Manner of presentation during retrieval was also manipulated so that pairs were presented in a manner that was either congruent or incongruent with their presentation during encoding. Older adults showed a particular benefit of encoding-retrieval congruency for item- context associations, supporting the idea that the associative deficit may be reduced by unitization at encoding and reinstatement of this prior stimulus configuration at retrieval.",
author = "Overman, {Amy A.} and McCormick-Huhn, {John M.} and Dennis, {Nancy Anne Coulter} and Salerno, {Joanna M.} and Giglio, {Alexandra P.}",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/pag0000215",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "33",
pages = "82--92",
journal = "Psychology and Aging",
issn = "0882-7974",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "1",

}

Older adults' associative memory is modified by manner of presentation at encoding and retrieval. / Overman, Amy A.; McCormick-Huhn, John M.; Dennis, Nancy Anne Coulter; Salerno, Joanna M.; Giglio, Alexandra P.

In: Psychology and aging, Vol. 33, No. 1, 01.02.2018, p. 82-92.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Older adults' associative memory is modified by manner of presentation at encoding and retrieval

AU - Overman, Amy A.

AU - McCormick-Huhn, John M.

AU - Dennis, Nancy Anne Coulter

AU - Salerno, Joanna M.

AU - Giglio, Alexandra P.

PY - 2018/2/1

Y1 - 2018/2/1

N2 - Relative to young adults, older adults typically exhibit a reduced ability to accurately remember associations between stimuli. Prior research has assumed that this age-related memory impairment affects different types of associations similarly. However, research in young adults has suggested that item-item and item- context associations are supported by different underlying neural mechanisms that could be unequally affected by aging. This experiment compared memory across association types in younger and older adults by presenting the same types of stimuli as either item-item or item- context pairs. Manner of presentation during retrieval was also manipulated so that pairs were presented in a manner that was either congruent or incongruent with their presentation during encoding. Older adults showed a particular benefit of encoding-retrieval congruency for item- context associations, supporting the idea that the associative deficit may be reduced by unitization at encoding and reinstatement of this prior stimulus configuration at retrieval.

AB - Relative to young adults, older adults typically exhibit a reduced ability to accurately remember associations between stimuli. Prior research has assumed that this age-related memory impairment affects different types of associations similarly. However, research in young adults has suggested that item-item and item- context associations are supported by different underlying neural mechanisms that could be unequally affected by aging. This experiment compared memory across association types in younger and older adults by presenting the same types of stimuli as either item-item or item- context pairs. Manner of presentation during retrieval was also manipulated so that pairs were presented in a manner that was either congruent or incongruent with their presentation during encoding. Older adults showed a particular benefit of encoding-retrieval congruency for item- context associations, supporting the idea that the associative deficit may be reduced by unitization at encoding and reinstatement of this prior stimulus configuration at retrieval.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85043527947&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85043527947&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/pag0000215

DO - 10.1037/pag0000215

M3 - Article

C2 - 29494180

AN - SCOPUS:85043527947

VL - 33

SP - 82

EP - 92

JO - Psychology and Aging

JF - Psychology and Aging

SN - 0882-7974

IS - 1

ER -