Omega-3 fatty acid intake by age, gender, and pregnancy status in the United States: National health and nutrition examination survey 2003–2014

Maranda Thompson, Nicholas Hein, Corrine Hanson, Lynette M. Smith, Ann Anderson-Berry, Chesney K. Richter, Karl Stessy Bisselou, Adams Kusi Appiah, Penny Margaret Kris-Etherton, Ann C. Skulas-Ray, Tara M. Nordgren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Despite the importance of n-3 fatty acids for health, intakes remain below recommended levels. The objective of this study was to provide an updated assessment of fish and n-3 fatty acid intake (i.e., eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and EPA+DHA) in the United States using the 2003–2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data (n = 45,347)). Over this survey period, toddlers, children, and adolescents (aged 1–19) had significantly lower n-3 fatty acid intake (p < 0.001) compared to adults and seniors, which remained significant after adjusting for caloric intake. Females demonstrated lower n-3 fatty acid intake than males (p < 0.001), with adult and senior women having significantly lower intakes compared to men in the same age categories (p < 0.001) after adjustment for energy intake. Women also consumed less fish than men (5.8 versus 6.1 servings/month, p < 0.001). The estimated intakes of n-3 fatty acids in pregnant women did not differ from non-pregnant women (p = 0.6 for EPA+DHA), although pregnant women reported consuming less high n-3 fatty acid-containing fish than non-pregnant women (1.8 versus 2.6 servings/month, p < 0.001). Our findings indicate that subgroups of the population may be at higher risk of n-3 fatty acid intakes below recommended levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number177
JournalNutrients
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

fatty fish
National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Eicosapentaenoic Acid
Docosahexaenoic Acids
Nutrition Surveys
Omega-3 Fatty Acids
eicosapentaenoic acid
docosahexaenoic acid
omega-3 fatty acids
pregnancy
Pregnancy
gender
Fishes
pregnant women
Energy Intake
Pregnant Women
energy intake
fish
toddlers
Switzerland

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Thompson, M., Hein, N., Hanson, C., Smith, L. M., Anderson-Berry, A., Richter, C. K., ... Nordgren, T. M. (2019). Omega-3 fatty acid intake by age, gender, and pregnancy status in the United States: National health and nutrition examination survey 2003–2014. Nutrients, 11(1), [177]. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11010177
Thompson, Maranda ; Hein, Nicholas ; Hanson, Corrine ; Smith, Lynette M. ; Anderson-Berry, Ann ; Richter, Chesney K. ; Bisselou, Karl Stessy ; Appiah, Adams Kusi ; Kris-Etherton, Penny Margaret ; Skulas-Ray, Ann C. ; Nordgren, Tara M. / Omega-3 fatty acid intake by age, gender, and pregnancy status in the United States : National health and nutrition examination survey 2003–2014. In: Nutrients. 2019 ; Vol. 11, No. 1.
@article{dfaca3adfe1e4a2a8532f737e722c6c4,
title = "Omega-3 fatty acid intake by age, gender, and pregnancy status in the United States: National health and nutrition examination survey 2003–2014",
abstract = "Despite the importance of n-3 fatty acids for health, intakes remain below recommended levels. The objective of this study was to provide an updated assessment of fish and n-3 fatty acid intake (i.e., eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and EPA+DHA) in the United States using the 2003–2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data (n = 45,347)). Over this survey period, toddlers, children, and adolescents (aged 1–19) had significantly lower n-3 fatty acid intake (p < 0.001) compared to adults and seniors, which remained significant after adjusting for caloric intake. Females demonstrated lower n-3 fatty acid intake than males (p < 0.001), with adult and senior women having significantly lower intakes compared to men in the same age categories (p < 0.001) after adjustment for energy intake. Women also consumed less fish than men (5.8 versus 6.1 servings/month, p < 0.001). The estimated intakes of n-3 fatty acids in pregnant women did not differ from non-pregnant women (p = 0.6 for EPA+DHA), although pregnant women reported consuming less high n-3 fatty acid-containing fish than non-pregnant women (1.8 versus 2.6 servings/month, p < 0.001). Our findings indicate that subgroups of the population may be at higher risk of n-3 fatty acid intakes below recommended levels.",
author = "Maranda Thompson and Nicholas Hein and Corrine Hanson and Smith, {Lynette M.} and Ann Anderson-Berry and Richter, {Chesney K.} and Bisselou, {Karl Stessy} and Appiah, {Adams Kusi} and Kris-Etherton, {Penny Margaret} and Skulas-Ray, {Ann C.} and Nordgren, {Tara M.}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3390/nu11010177",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "11",
journal = "Nutrients",
issn = "2072-6643",
publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
number = "1",

}

Thompson, M, Hein, N, Hanson, C, Smith, LM, Anderson-Berry, A, Richter, CK, Bisselou, KS, Appiah, AK, Kris-Etherton, PM, Skulas-Ray, AC & Nordgren, TM 2019, 'Omega-3 fatty acid intake by age, gender, and pregnancy status in the United States: National health and nutrition examination survey 2003–2014' Nutrients, vol. 11, no. 1, 177. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11010177

Omega-3 fatty acid intake by age, gender, and pregnancy status in the United States : National health and nutrition examination survey 2003–2014. / Thompson, Maranda; Hein, Nicholas; Hanson, Corrine; Smith, Lynette M.; Anderson-Berry, Ann; Richter, Chesney K.; Bisselou, Karl Stessy; Appiah, Adams Kusi; Kris-Etherton, Penny Margaret; Skulas-Ray, Ann C.; Nordgren, Tara M.

In: Nutrients, Vol. 11, No. 1, 177, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Omega-3 fatty acid intake by age, gender, and pregnancy status in the United States

T2 - Nutrients

AU - Thompson, Maranda

AU - Hein, Nicholas

AU - Hanson, Corrine

AU - Smith, Lynette M.

AU - Anderson-Berry, Ann

AU - Richter, Chesney K.

AU - Bisselou, Karl Stessy

AU - Appiah, Adams Kusi

AU - Kris-Etherton, Penny Margaret

AU - Skulas-Ray, Ann C.

AU - Nordgren, Tara M.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Despite the importance of n-3 fatty acids for health, intakes remain below recommended levels. The objective of this study was to provide an updated assessment of fish and n-3 fatty acid intake (i.e., eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and EPA+DHA) in the United States using the 2003–2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data (n = 45,347)). Over this survey period, toddlers, children, and adolescents (aged 1–19) had significantly lower n-3 fatty acid intake (p < 0.001) compared to adults and seniors, which remained significant after adjusting for caloric intake. Females demonstrated lower n-3 fatty acid intake than males (p < 0.001), with adult and senior women having significantly lower intakes compared to men in the same age categories (p < 0.001) after adjustment for energy intake. Women also consumed less fish than men (5.8 versus 6.1 servings/month, p < 0.001). The estimated intakes of n-3 fatty acids in pregnant women did not differ from non-pregnant women (p = 0.6 for EPA+DHA), although pregnant women reported consuming less high n-3 fatty acid-containing fish than non-pregnant women (1.8 versus 2.6 servings/month, p < 0.001). Our findings indicate that subgroups of the population may be at higher risk of n-3 fatty acid intakes below recommended levels.

AB - Despite the importance of n-3 fatty acids for health, intakes remain below recommended levels. The objective of this study was to provide an updated assessment of fish and n-3 fatty acid intake (i.e., eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and EPA+DHA) in the United States using the 2003–2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data (n = 45,347)). Over this survey period, toddlers, children, and adolescents (aged 1–19) had significantly lower n-3 fatty acid intake (p < 0.001) compared to adults and seniors, which remained significant after adjusting for caloric intake. Females demonstrated lower n-3 fatty acid intake than males (p < 0.001), with adult and senior women having significantly lower intakes compared to men in the same age categories (p < 0.001) after adjustment for energy intake. Women also consumed less fish than men (5.8 versus 6.1 servings/month, p < 0.001). The estimated intakes of n-3 fatty acids in pregnant women did not differ from non-pregnant women (p = 0.6 for EPA+DHA), although pregnant women reported consuming less high n-3 fatty acid-containing fish than non-pregnant women (1.8 versus 2.6 servings/month, p < 0.001). Our findings indicate that subgroups of the population may be at higher risk of n-3 fatty acid intakes below recommended levels.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85060149948&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85060149948&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/nu11010177

DO - 10.3390/nu11010177

M3 - Article

VL - 11

JO - Nutrients

JF - Nutrients

SN - 2072-6643

IS - 1

M1 - 177

ER -