On approximation properties of the independent set problem for low degree graphs

P. Berman, T. Fujito

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    56 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    The subject of this paper is the Independent Set problem for bounded node degree graphs. It is shown that the problem remains MAX SNP-complete even when graphs are restricted to being of degree bounded by 3 or to being 3-regular. Some related problems are also shown to be MAX SNP-complete at the lowest possible degree bounds. We next study a better polynomial time approximation of the problem for degree 3 graphs. The performance ratio is improved from the previous best of 5/4 to arbitrarily close to 6/5 for degree 3 graphs and to 7/6 for cubic graphs. When combined with existing techniques this result also leads to approximation ratios, (B + 3)/5 + ε for the independent set problem and 2 - 5/(B + 3) + ε for the vertex cover problem on graphs of degree B, improving previous bounds for relatively small odd B.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)115-132
    Number of pages18
    JournalTheory of Computing Systems
    Volume32
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Theoretical Computer Science
    • Computational Theory and Mathematics

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