On Centro-Affine Curves and Bäcklund Transformations of the KdV Equation

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Abstract

We continue the study of the Korteweg-de Vries equation in terms of cento-affine curves, initiated by Pinkall. A centro-affine curve is a closed parametric curve in the affine plane such that the determinant made by the position and the velocity vectors is identically one. The space of centro-affine curves is acted upon by the special linear group, and the quotient is identified with the space of Hill’s equations with periodic solutions. It is known that the space of centro-affine curves carries two pre-symplectic structures, and the KdV flow is identified with is a bi-Hamiltonian dynamical system therein. We introduce a one-parameter family of transformations on centro-affine curves, prove that they preserve both presymplectic structures, commute with the KdV flow, and share the integrals with it. Furthermore, the transformation commute with each other (Bianchi permutability). We also describe integrals of the KdV equation as arising from the monodromy of Riccati equations associated with centro-affine curves. We are motivated by our work (joint with M. Arnold, D. Fuchs, and I. Izmenstiev), concerning the cross-ratio dynamics on ideal polygons in the hyperbolic plane and hyperbolic space, whose continuous version is studied in the present paper.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalArnold Mathematical Journal
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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KdV Equation
Curve
Korteweg-de Vries Equation
Commute
Special Linear Group
Cross ratio
Parametric Curves
Hill Equation
Hyperbolic Plane
Affine plane
Symplectic Structure
Closed curve
Hyperbolic Space
Monodromy
Riccati Equation
Polygon
Periodic Solution
Determinant
Quotient
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mathematics(all)

Cite this

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title = "On Centro-Affine Curves and B{\"a}cklund Transformations of the KdV Equation",
abstract = "We continue the study of the Korteweg-de Vries equation in terms of cento-affine curves, initiated by Pinkall. A centro-affine curve is a closed parametric curve in the affine plane such that the determinant made by the position and the velocity vectors is identically one. The space of centro-affine curves is acted upon by the special linear group, and the quotient is identified with the space of Hill’s equations with periodic solutions. It is known that the space of centro-affine curves carries two pre-symplectic structures, and the KdV flow is identified with is a bi-Hamiltonian dynamical system therein. We introduce a one-parameter family of transformations on centro-affine curves, prove that they preserve both presymplectic structures, commute with the KdV flow, and share the integrals with it. Furthermore, the transformation commute with each other (Bianchi permutability). We also describe integrals of the KdV equation as arising from the monodromy of Riccati equations associated with centro-affine curves. We are motivated by our work (joint with M. Arnold, D. Fuchs, and I. Izmenstiev), concerning the cross-ratio dynamics on ideal polygons in the hyperbolic plane and hyperbolic space, whose continuous version is studied in the present paper.",
author = "Serge Tabachnikov",
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