On the compressible bidirectional vortex. Part 1: A Bragg-Hawthorne stream function formulation

Brian Allen Maicke, Joseph Majdalani

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Bragg-Hawthorne equation, also named Squire-Long, takes advantage of a requirement that the stagnation pressure head, H, and angular momentum, B, may be generally related to the stream function, Ψ. This reduces the Navier-Stokes equations to a single stream function representation, wherein H and B may be specified based on the application of interest. In this paper, the Bragg-Hawthorne equation (BHE) is extended in the context of a steady, inviscid, and compressible fluid. Then given an assortment of suitable assumptions, our approach leads to a pair of partial differential equations that must be treated simultaneously. Rather than solve the ensuing coupled equations numerically, we opt for a reduced-order model by implementing the Rayleigh-Janzen expansion method in which the square of the reference Mach number is employed as a perturbation parameter. The resulting linearized equations are retrievable to an arbitrary level of precision, thus leading to the establishment of a reliable, compressible BHE framework. From a practical standpoint, we find that a first-order correction is sufficient to capture the bulk compressible contribution in most physical settings. In the second part of this paper series, the procedure is tested to derive a compressible solution for the linear Beltramian model of the bidirectional vortex; this motion corresponds to a swirl-driven cyclonic flowfield with an axially reversing character that proves to be of particular interest to the development of an innovative, self-cooled, liquid rocket engine concept. It can therefore be seen that, although the application of interest remains focused on the bidirectional vortex motion, the framework that we offer retains sufficient generality to be useful in handling a wide range of axisymmetric problems, especially those that may be conveniently expressed in polar-cylindrical coordinates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication50th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition
StatePublished - 2012
Event50th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition - Nashville, TN, United States
Duration: Jan 9 2012Jan 12 2012

Other

Other50th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition
CountryUnited States
CityNashville, TN
Period1/9/121/12/12

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Vortex flow
Angular momentum
Rocket engines
Navier Stokes equations
Mach number
Partial differential equations
Fluids
Liquids

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering

Cite this

Maicke, B. A., & Majdalani, J. (2012). On the compressible bidirectional vortex. Part 1: A Bragg-Hawthorne stream function formulation. In 50th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition [AIAA 2012-1103]
Maicke, Brian Allen ; Majdalani, Joseph. / On the compressible bidirectional vortex. Part 1 : A Bragg-Hawthorne stream function formulation. 50th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition. 2012.
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Maicke, BA & Majdalani, J 2012, On the compressible bidirectional vortex. Part 1: A Bragg-Hawthorne stream function formulation. in 50th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition., AIAA 2012-1103, 50th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition, Nashville, TN, United States, 1/9/12.

On the compressible bidirectional vortex. Part 1 : A Bragg-Hawthorne stream function formulation. / Maicke, Brian Allen; Majdalani, Joseph.

50th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition. 2012. AIAA 2012-1103.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Maicke BA, Majdalani J. On the compressible bidirectional vortex. Part 1: A Bragg-Hawthorne stream function formulation. In 50th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition. 2012. AIAA 2012-1103