### Abstract

We consider the compressible flow analogue of the solution known colloquially as the Hart-McClure profile. This potential motion is used to describe the mean flow in the original energy-based combustion instability framework. In this study, we employ the axisymmetric compressible form of the potential equation for steady, inviscid, irrotational flow assuming uniform injection of a calorically perfect gas in a porous, right-cylindrical chamber. This equation is expanded to order M _{w} ^{4} using a Rayleigh-Janzen sequence in powers of M _{w} ^{2}, where M _{w} is the wall Mach number. At leading order, we readily recover the original Hart-McClure profile and, at M _{w} ^{2}, a closed-form representation of the compressible correction. By way of confirmation, the same solution is re-constructed using a novel application of the vorticity-stream function technique. In view of the favorable convergence properties of the Rayleigh-Janzen expansion, the resulting approximation can be relied upon from the headwall down to the sonic point and slightly beyond in a long porous tube or nozzleless chamber. Based on the simple closed-form expressions that prescribe this motion, the principal flow attributes are quantified parametrically and compared to existing incompressible and one-dimensional theories. In this effort, the local Mach number and pressure are calculated and shown to provide an improved formulation when gauged against one-dimensional theory. Our results are also compared to the two-dimensional axisymmetric solution obtained by Majdalani (Majdalani, J., "On Steady Rotational High Speed Flows: The Compressible Taylor-Culick Profile," Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series A, Vol. 463, No. 2077, 2007, pp. 131-162). After rescaling the axial coordinate by the critical length Ls, a parametrically-free form is obtained that is essentially independent of the Mach number. This behavior is verified analytically, thus confirming Majdalani's universal similarity with respect to the critical distance. A secondary verification by computational fluid dynamics is also undertaken. When compared to existing rotational models, the compressible Hart-McClure plug-flow requires, as it should, a slightly longer distance to reach the speed of sound at the centerline. At that point, however, the entire cross-section is fully choked.

Original language | English (US) |
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State | Published - Dec 1 2010 |

Event | 46th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit - Nashville, TN, United States Duration: Jul 25 2010 → Jul 28 2010 |

### Other

Other | 46th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit |
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Country | United States |

City | Nashville, TN |

Period | 7/25/10 → 7/28/10 |

### Fingerprint

### All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Aerospace Engineering
- Control and Systems Engineering

### Cite this

*On the compressible Hart-McClure mean flow motion in simulated rocket motors*. Paper presented at 46th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, Nashville, TN, United States.

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**On the compressible Hart-McClure mean flow motion in simulated rocket motors.** / Maicke, Brian Allen; Saad, Tony; Majdalani, Joseph.

Research output: Contribution to conference › Paper

TY - CONF

T1 - On the compressible Hart-McClure mean flow motion in simulated rocket motors

AU - Maicke, Brian Allen

AU - Saad, Tony

AU - Majdalani, Joseph

PY - 2010/12/1

Y1 - 2010/12/1

N2 - We consider the compressible flow analogue of the solution known colloquially as the Hart-McClure profile. This potential motion is used to describe the mean flow in the original energy-based combustion instability framework. In this study, we employ the axisymmetric compressible form of the potential equation for steady, inviscid, irrotational flow assuming uniform injection of a calorically perfect gas in a porous, right-cylindrical chamber. This equation is expanded to order M w 4 using a Rayleigh-Janzen sequence in powers of M w 2, where M w is the wall Mach number. At leading order, we readily recover the original Hart-McClure profile and, at M w 2, a closed-form representation of the compressible correction. By way of confirmation, the same solution is re-constructed using a novel application of the vorticity-stream function technique. In view of the favorable convergence properties of the Rayleigh-Janzen expansion, the resulting approximation can be relied upon from the headwall down to the sonic point and slightly beyond in a long porous tube or nozzleless chamber. Based on the simple closed-form expressions that prescribe this motion, the principal flow attributes are quantified parametrically and compared to existing incompressible and one-dimensional theories. In this effort, the local Mach number and pressure are calculated and shown to provide an improved formulation when gauged against one-dimensional theory. Our results are also compared to the two-dimensional axisymmetric solution obtained by Majdalani (Majdalani, J., "On Steady Rotational High Speed Flows: The Compressible Taylor-Culick Profile," Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series A, Vol. 463, No. 2077, 2007, pp. 131-162). After rescaling the axial coordinate by the critical length Ls, a parametrically-free form is obtained that is essentially independent of the Mach number. This behavior is verified analytically, thus confirming Majdalani's universal similarity with respect to the critical distance. A secondary verification by computational fluid dynamics is also undertaken. When compared to existing rotational models, the compressible Hart-McClure plug-flow requires, as it should, a slightly longer distance to reach the speed of sound at the centerline. At that point, however, the entire cross-section is fully choked.

AB - We consider the compressible flow analogue of the solution known colloquially as the Hart-McClure profile. This potential motion is used to describe the mean flow in the original energy-based combustion instability framework. In this study, we employ the axisymmetric compressible form of the potential equation for steady, inviscid, irrotational flow assuming uniform injection of a calorically perfect gas in a porous, right-cylindrical chamber. This equation is expanded to order M w 4 using a Rayleigh-Janzen sequence in powers of M w 2, where M w is the wall Mach number. At leading order, we readily recover the original Hart-McClure profile and, at M w 2, a closed-form representation of the compressible correction. By way of confirmation, the same solution is re-constructed using a novel application of the vorticity-stream function technique. In view of the favorable convergence properties of the Rayleigh-Janzen expansion, the resulting approximation can be relied upon from the headwall down to the sonic point and slightly beyond in a long porous tube or nozzleless chamber. Based on the simple closed-form expressions that prescribe this motion, the principal flow attributes are quantified parametrically and compared to existing incompressible and one-dimensional theories. In this effort, the local Mach number and pressure are calculated and shown to provide an improved formulation when gauged against one-dimensional theory. Our results are also compared to the two-dimensional axisymmetric solution obtained by Majdalani (Majdalani, J., "On Steady Rotational High Speed Flows: The Compressible Taylor-Culick Profile," Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series A, Vol. 463, No. 2077, 2007, pp. 131-162). After rescaling the axial coordinate by the critical length Ls, a parametrically-free form is obtained that is essentially independent of the Mach number. This behavior is verified analytically, thus confirming Majdalani's universal similarity with respect to the critical distance. A secondary verification by computational fluid dynamics is also undertaken. When compared to existing rotational models, the compressible Hart-McClure plug-flow requires, as it should, a slightly longer distance to reach the speed of sound at the centerline. At that point, however, the entire cross-section is fully choked.

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M3 - Paper

AN - SCOPUS:84856852490

ER -