On the Demise of the Early Paleogene Morozovella velascoensis lineage

Terminal progenesis in the planktonic foraminifera

D. C. Kelly, Timothy Bralower, J. C. Zachos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The extinction of the Morozovella velascoensis lineage, a group of planktonic foraminifera that dominated tropical assemblages for ∼6.3 m.y., is investigated using an upper Paleocene/lower Eocene section from the central Pacific Ocean (ODP Site 865). Uppermost stratigraphic occurrences of the lineage consist solely of diminutive M. edgari, a species roughly half the size of its ancestor, M. velascoensis. Eigenshape analysis indicates that adult specimens of M. edgari are morphologically similar to small, presumably juvenile, forms of M. velascoensis. The overall stratigraphic succession, where the uppermost occurences of a lineage are represented by relict populations of minute, juvenilized forms, is consistent with a process called "terminal progenesis." Various lines of evidence indicate that stress-induced size reduction foreshadowed the extinction of other planktonic foraminiferal lineages as well. The ecological cause(s) for the extinction of ancestral M. velascoensis is unclear. Stable isotopic evidence for a progressive deterioration of algal symbiosis was not detected. Specifically, none of the individually-analyzed shells of M. velascoensis were depleted significantly in 13C, nor was there a decrease in the covariance of the δ 13C / size relationship. Planktonic foraminiferal δ 18O values exhibit a subtle increase over the stratigraphic interval in which the M. edgari extinction is recorded. This inferred tropical cooling appears to be correlative with terrestrial records of cooling from the North American continental interior and north-western Europe. Thus, it is postulated that climatic variation during the earliest Eocene (∼54.02Ma) played a significant role in shaping biodiversity in the pelagic realm, sealing the doom of the declining M. velascoensis lineage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)507-523
Number of pages17
JournalPalaios
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 20 2001

Fingerprint

planktonic foraminifera
Paleogene
extinction
Eocene
cooling
continental interior
Western European region
symbiosis
sealing
Ocean Drilling Program
Pacific Ocean
ancestry
Paleocene
deterioration
biodiversity
shell
Retaria
ocean

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

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abstract = "The extinction of the Morozovella velascoensis lineage, a group of planktonic foraminifera that dominated tropical assemblages for ∼6.3 m.y., is investigated using an upper Paleocene/lower Eocene section from the central Pacific Ocean (ODP Site 865). Uppermost stratigraphic occurrences of the lineage consist solely of diminutive M. edgari, a species roughly half the size of its ancestor, M. velascoensis. Eigenshape analysis indicates that adult specimens of M. edgari are morphologically similar to small, presumably juvenile, forms of M. velascoensis. The overall stratigraphic succession, where the uppermost occurences of a lineage are represented by relict populations of minute, juvenilized forms, is consistent with a process called {"}terminal progenesis.{"} Various lines of evidence indicate that stress-induced size reduction foreshadowed the extinction of other planktonic foraminiferal lineages as well. The ecological cause(s) for the extinction of ancestral M. velascoensis is unclear. Stable isotopic evidence for a progressive deterioration of algal symbiosis was not detected. Specifically, none of the individually-analyzed shells of M. velascoensis were depleted significantly in 13C, nor was there a decrease in the covariance of the δ 13C / size relationship. Planktonic foraminiferal δ 18O values exhibit a subtle increase over the stratigraphic interval in which the M. edgari extinction is recorded. This inferred tropical cooling appears to be correlative with terrestrial records of cooling from the North American continental interior and north-western Europe. Thus, it is postulated that climatic variation during the earliest Eocene (∼54.02Ma) played a significant role in shaping biodiversity in the pelagic realm, sealing the doom of the declining M. velascoensis lineage.",
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On the Demise of the Early Paleogene Morozovella velascoensis lineage : Terminal progenesis in the planktonic foraminifera. / Kelly, D. C.; Bralower, Timothy; Zachos, J. C.

In: Palaios, Vol. 16, No. 5, 20.11.2001, p. 507-523.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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