On the observed variability of the cross-polar cap potential

W. A. Bristow, R. A. Greenwald, S. G. Shepherd, J. M. Hughes

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Abstract

A study of the cross-polar cap potential estimated by the HF Super Dual Auroral Radar Network (SuperDARN) during periods of steady interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) and solar wind velocity is presented. The potential estimates were examined as time series along with time series of the IMF and solar wind. In addition, the data were examined statistically to obtain a best fit linear expression for the potential as a function of the solar wind and IMF, which was used for comparison with observed potential values. It was found that the observed potential was significantly more variable than would have been predicted by the observed solar wind and IMF. The variability was found to be on the order of 20 kV, while the predicted variability would have been only 5 kV. Implications of these findings with regard to magnetospheric physics, ionospheric simulations, and space weather are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA02203
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Volume109
Issue numberA2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

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