Commercial and own-made Pd and Rh catalysts supported on alumina, zeolite Y (ZY) and two kinds of silica (Fumed Silica (FS) and SBA-15), were tested in the aqueous phase hydrodechlorination of the 4-chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetic acid (MCPA) herbicide. Pd catalysts showed higher activity than Rh and regarding the supports, the following sequence was found: Al2O3<FS<ZY»SBA-15. The catalysts with metal particle sizes within the range of 3.1-3.7nm, associated with Mn+/Mo ratios between 0.7 and 1.7, showed higher activities. The most active catalysts of each series, the Al2O3-supported ones, showed a distribution of the metallic phase approaching an egg-shell configuration opposite to the rest. The Pd/Al2O3 catalyst, which was the most active, suffered a significant loss of activity upon the early stages on stream that could be ascribed to the formation of palladium chloride complexes as well as to deposition of species involved in the reaction.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Science(all)
- Process Chemistry and Technology