We present a simple cluster model to understand the dissociative chemisorption of molecular hydrogen and the desorption of atomic hydrogen on platinum small clusters using the gradient-corrected density functional theory. Successive H2 decomposition and sequential H desorption on the selected Ptn (n = 2-5, 7-9) clusters were systematically studied, and the H2 dissociative chemisorption energies and the H desorption energies at the full H saturation were identified. The reaction processes are driven by charge transfer from Pt atoms to H atoms assisted by strong orbital overlaps between Pt 5d orbitais and H 1s orbital, which leads to electron derealization in large clusters of metal hydrides. It was found that the number of H atoms chemisorbed on the small Pt clusters increases almost linearly with the size of the selected Pt cluster.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films