The microscopic mechanisms of the fluence threshold behavior in laser ablation of organic solids have been delineated using a breathing sphere model and molecular dynamics simulations. Below threshold, evaporation is identified to occur and primarily single molecules are desorbed. Above threshold, collective ejection or ablation occurs in which large molecular clusters constitute a significant portion of the ejected plume. The laser induced pressure buildup and the phase explosion due to overheating of the irradiated material are identified as the key processes that determine the dynamics of laser ablation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry